The aim of the present study was to obtain information on the bacterial diversity of traditional Polish cold-smoked raw sausages (Kiełbasa polska wędzona) manufactured by two artisanal producers using different selective growth media and a metataxonomic analysis. Physico-chemical and morpho-textural characteristics were also carried out, together with Microextraction-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (HS-SPMEGC/MS) to study the volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The results overall obtained allowed a picture of the microbiota, the morpho-textural characteristics, and the volatilome of traditional Polish cold-smoked raw sausages (Kiełbasa polska wędzona) to be drawn for the first time. In more detail, viable counting revealed active populations of presumptive lactobacilli, enterococci, coagulase-negative cocci, and a few spoilage microorganisms typically occurring in raw meat products. The metataxonomic analysis revealed the dominance of Latilactobacillus sakei occurring with a relative frequency between 77% and 89%. Pediococcus pentosaceus, Weissella hellenica, and Leuconostoc carnosum were detected among the minority taxa. In the sausages herein studied, no histamine levels of concern were detected. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) performed on the Amplicon Sequence Variants (ASVs) did not show significant differences in the microbiota composition among producers. The HS-SPMEGC/MS analysis allowed the detection and identification of more than 90 volatile components belonging to ten main classes, namely: aldehydes, ketones, esters and acetates, acids, alcohols, phenols, furans, sulphur compounds, terpenoids, and benzene derivatives. The detected VOCs originated from spices, smoke, and microbial metabolism. The PCA of volatile compounds allowed differences between the sausage samples of the two producers to be identified.

Spotlight on autochthonous microbiota, morpho-textural characteristics, and volatilome of a traditional Polish cold-smoked raw sausage / Belleggia, Luca; Ferrocino, Ilario; Reale, Anna; Franciosa, Irene; Milanovic, Vesna; Garofalo, Cristiana; Cardinali, Federica; Boscaino, Floriana; Cesaro, Cristiana; Rampanti, Giorgia; Cocolin, Luca; Aquilanti, Lucia; Osimani, Andrea. - In: FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0963-9969. - ELETTRONICO. - 175:(2024), pp. 1-13. [10.1016/j.foodres.2023.113754]

Spotlight on autochthonous microbiota, morpho-textural characteristics, and volatilome of a traditional Polish cold-smoked raw sausage

Belleggia, Luca
Primo
;
Milanovic, Vesna;Garofalo, Cristiana;Cardinali, Federica;Cesaro, Cristiana;Rampanti, Giorgia;Aquilanti, Lucia
;
Osimani, Andrea
Ultimo
2024-01-01

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to obtain information on the bacterial diversity of traditional Polish cold-smoked raw sausages (Kiełbasa polska wędzona) manufactured by two artisanal producers using different selective growth media and a metataxonomic analysis. Physico-chemical and morpho-textural characteristics were also carried out, together with Microextraction-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (HS-SPMEGC/MS) to study the volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The results overall obtained allowed a picture of the microbiota, the morpho-textural characteristics, and the volatilome of traditional Polish cold-smoked raw sausages (Kiełbasa polska wędzona) to be drawn for the first time. In more detail, viable counting revealed active populations of presumptive lactobacilli, enterococci, coagulase-negative cocci, and a few spoilage microorganisms typically occurring in raw meat products. The metataxonomic analysis revealed the dominance of Latilactobacillus sakei occurring with a relative frequency between 77% and 89%. Pediococcus pentosaceus, Weissella hellenica, and Leuconostoc carnosum were detected among the minority taxa. In the sausages herein studied, no histamine levels of concern were detected. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) performed on the Amplicon Sequence Variants (ASVs) did not show significant differences in the microbiota composition among producers. The HS-SPMEGC/MS analysis allowed the detection and identification of more than 90 volatile components belonging to ten main classes, namely: aldehydes, ketones, esters and acetates, acids, alcohols, phenols, furans, sulphur compounds, terpenoids, and benzene derivatives. The detected VOCs originated from spices, smoke, and microbial metabolism. The PCA of volatile compounds allowed differences between the sausage samples of the two producers to be identified.
2024
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/324777
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