In this work, a comprehensive control strategy for obstacle avoidance in redundant manipulation is presented, consisting of a combination of off-line path planning algorithms with on-line motion control. Path planning allows the avoidance of fixed obstacles detected before the start of the robot’s motion; it is based on the potential fields method combined with a smoothing process realized by means of interpolation with Bezier curves. The on-line motion control is designed to compensate for the motion of the obstacles and to avoid collisions along the kinematic chain of the manipulator; it is realized by means of a velocity control law based on the null space method for redundancy control. A new term is introduced in the control law to take into account the speed of the obstacles as well as their position. Simulations on a simplified planar case are presented to assess the validity of the algorithms and to estimate the computational effort in order to verify the transferability of our approach to a real system.

A collision avoidance strategy for redundant manipulators in dynamically variable environments: On-line perturbations of off-line generated trajectories

Scoccia C.
Primo
Investigation
;
Palmieri G.
Secondo
Conceptualization
;
Palpacelli M. C.
Penultimo
Formal Analysis
;
Callegari M.
Ultimo
Methodology
2021

Abstract

In this work, a comprehensive control strategy for obstacle avoidance in redundant manipulation is presented, consisting of a combination of off-line path planning algorithms with on-line motion control. Path planning allows the avoidance of fixed obstacles detected before the start of the robot’s motion; it is based on the potential fields method combined with a smoothing process realized by means of interpolation with Bezier curves. The on-line motion control is designed to compensate for the motion of the obstacles and to avoid collisions along the kinematic chain of the manipulator; it is realized by means of a velocity control law based on the null space method for redundancy control. A new term is introduced in the control law to take into account the speed of the obstacles as well as their position. Simulations on a simplified planar case are presented to assess the validity of the algorithms and to estimate the computational effort in order to verify the transferability of our approach to a real system.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/289865
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