Wickerhamomyces anomalus strain 18, isolated from a natural underground cheese ripening pit, secretes a mycocin named WA18 that inhibits wine spoilage yeasts belonging to Brettanomyces bruxellensis species, with a broad-spectrum of activity. WA18 was purified, and the purified protein was digested with specific restriction enzymes (lysine K and arginine R cut sites). The LC–MS and LC–MS/MS analysis after enzymatic digestions revealed a molecular weight of 31 kDa. Bioinformatics processing and database research of digested pure killer protein showed 99% identity with a UDP-glycosyltransferase protein. Competitive inhibition assay of killer activity by cell-wall polysaccharides suggests that branched glucans represent the first receptor site of the toxin on the envelope of the sensitive target. The WA18 partially purified crude extract (PPCE) showed high stability of antimicrobial activity at the physicochemical conditions suitable for the winemaking process. Indeed, in wine WA18 was able to counteract B. bruxellensis and control the production of ethyl phenols. In addition, the strain WA18 was compatible with Saccharomyces cerevisiae in co-culture conditions with a potential application together with commercial starter cultures. These data suggest that WA18 mycocin is a promising biocontrol agent against spoilage yeasts in winemaking, particularly during wine storage.

Purification and characterization of WA18, a new mycocin produced by wickerhamomyces anomalus active in wine against brettanomyces bruxellensis spoilage yeasts / Comitini, F.; Agarbati, A.; Canonico, L.; Galli, E.; Ciani, M.. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:1(2021), pp. 1-14. [10.3390/microorganisms9010056]

Purification and characterization of WA18, a new mycocin produced by wickerhamomyces anomalus active in wine against brettanomyces bruxellensis spoilage yeasts

Comitini F.
Supervision
;
Agarbati A.
Methodology
;
Canonico L.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ciani M.
Supervision
2021-01-01

Abstract

Wickerhamomyces anomalus strain 18, isolated from a natural underground cheese ripening pit, secretes a mycocin named WA18 that inhibits wine spoilage yeasts belonging to Brettanomyces bruxellensis species, with a broad-spectrum of activity. WA18 was purified, and the purified protein was digested with specific restriction enzymes (lysine K and arginine R cut sites). The LC–MS and LC–MS/MS analysis after enzymatic digestions revealed a molecular weight of 31 kDa. Bioinformatics processing and database research of digested pure killer protein showed 99% identity with a UDP-glycosyltransferase protein. Competitive inhibition assay of killer activity by cell-wall polysaccharides suggests that branched glucans represent the first receptor site of the toxin on the envelope of the sensitive target. The WA18 partially purified crude extract (PPCE) showed high stability of antimicrobial activity at the physicochemical conditions suitable for the winemaking process. Indeed, in wine WA18 was able to counteract B. bruxellensis and control the production of ethyl phenols. In addition, the strain WA18 was compatible with Saccharomyces cerevisiae in co-culture conditions with a potential application together with commercial starter cultures. These data suggest that WA18 mycocin is a promising biocontrol agent against spoilage yeasts in winemaking, particularly during wine storage.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/286414
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