The spread of cobots in common industrial practice has led constructors to prefer the development of collaborative features that are necessary to prevent injuries to operators over the realization of simple kinematic structures for which the joints-to-workspace mapping is well known. An example is given by the replacement in serial robots of spherical wrists with safer solutions, where the danger of crushing and shearing is intrinsically avoided. Despite this tendency, the kinematic map between actuated joints and the Cartesian workspace remains of paramount importance for robot analysis and programming, deserving the attention of the research community. This paper proposes a closed-form solution for the inverse kinematics of a class of 6R robotic arms with six degrees of freedom and non-spherical wrists. The solutions are worked out by a single polynomial, of minimum degree, in terms of one of the positioning parameters chosen for the description of the robot posture. The roots of such a polynomial are then back-substituted to determine all the remaining unknowns. A numerical example is finally shown to verify the validity of the proposed implementation for a commercial collaborative robot.

Inverse Kinematics of a Class of 6R Collaborative Robots with Non-Spherical Wrist / Carbonari, L.; Palpacelli, Matteo Claudio; Callegari, M.. - In: ROBOTICS. - ISSN 2218-6581. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:2(2023), p. 36. [10.3390/robotics12020036]

Inverse Kinematics of a Class of 6R Collaborative Robots with Non-Spherical Wrist

Carbonari L.
Primo
;
Palpacelli
Secondo
;
Callegari M.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

The spread of cobots in common industrial practice has led constructors to prefer the development of collaborative features that are necessary to prevent injuries to operators over the realization of simple kinematic structures for which the joints-to-workspace mapping is well known. An example is given by the replacement in serial robots of spherical wrists with safer solutions, where the danger of crushing and shearing is intrinsically avoided. Despite this tendency, the kinematic map between actuated joints and the Cartesian workspace remains of paramount importance for robot analysis and programming, deserving the attention of the research community. This paper proposes a closed-form solution for the inverse kinematics of a class of 6R robotic arms with six degrees of freedom and non-spherical wrists. The solutions are worked out by a single polynomial, of minimum degree, in terms of one of the positioning parameters chosen for the description of the robot posture. The roots of such a polynomial are then back-substituted to determine all the remaining unknowns. A numerical example is finally shown to verify the validity of the proposed implementation for a commercial collaborative robot.
2023
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/324172
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact