This paper presents a Model Predictive Control (MPC) based autopilot for a fixed-wing Unmanned Aircraft Vehicle (UAV) for meteorological data sampling tasks, named Aerosonde. Aerosonde missions are featured by predetermined operating conditions, allowing the design of ad-hoc controllers for each control task by using the future knowledge of the reference signals driving the aircraft during operations. To develop the controller, the nonlinear dynamics of the vehicle has been described by a Linear Parameter-Varying (LPV) model identified from the plant data by using a subspace identification technique. The LPV model is used to design a MPC to drive the UAV. Two different Linear Parameter-Varying MPC (MPCLPV) algorithms have been proposed by introducing the previewing technique in the controller due to the a priori knowledge of full reference signals. In the design of the inner Attitude Controller (AC), a future LPV scheduling parameters estimation policy has been introduced (PF −MPCLPV) for improving the control results of the standard Previewing MPCLPV (P-MPCLPV). Furthermore, an anticipative switching approach (PS −MPCS) has been considered for the altitude External Controller (EC) to improve the control performances of the standard previewing switching MPC (P-MPCS). Both PF −MPCLPV and PS −MPCS algorithms have been compared to the P-MPCLPV and P-MPCS baseline algorithms, showing the effectiveness of proposed methods.

Model Predictive Control for a Linear Parameter Varying Model of an UAV / Cavanini, L.; Ippoliti, G.; Camacho, E. F.. - In: JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & ROBOTIC SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0921-0296. - 101:3(2021), pp. 1-18. [10.1007/s10846-021-01337-x]

Model Predictive Control for a Linear Parameter Varying Model of an UAV

Cavanini L.;Ippoliti G.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

This paper presents a Model Predictive Control (MPC) based autopilot for a fixed-wing Unmanned Aircraft Vehicle (UAV) for meteorological data sampling tasks, named Aerosonde. Aerosonde missions are featured by predetermined operating conditions, allowing the design of ad-hoc controllers for each control task by using the future knowledge of the reference signals driving the aircraft during operations. To develop the controller, the nonlinear dynamics of the vehicle has been described by a Linear Parameter-Varying (LPV) model identified from the plant data by using a subspace identification technique. The LPV model is used to design a MPC to drive the UAV. Two different Linear Parameter-Varying MPC (MPCLPV) algorithms have been proposed by introducing the previewing technique in the controller due to the a priori knowledge of full reference signals. In the design of the inner Attitude Controller (AC), a future LPV scheduling parameters estimation policy has been introduced (PF −MPCLPV) for improving the control results of the standard Previewing MPCLPV (P-MPCLPV). Furthermore, an anticipative switching approach (PS −MPCS) has been considered for the altitude External Controller (EC) to improve the control performances of the standard previewing switching MPC (P-MPCS). Both PF −MPCLPV and PS −MPCS algorithms have been compared to the P-MPCLPV and P-MPCS baseline algorithms, showing the effectiveness of proposed methods.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/300610
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