Gastrointestinal complications (GICs) represent the major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Differential diagnosis of GICs is of paramount importance since early and reliable identification of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is essential for a correct management of the patients. The aim of the present retrospective study was to evaluate the occurrence of GICs after allo-HSCT and to assess the diagnostic performance of a quick endoscopic and histological assessment in the differential diagnosis between GVHD and other GI conditions. Between January 2015 and August 2019, 122 consecutive patients receiving an allo-HSCT were managed by an interdisciplinary team, supported by a dedicated endoscopic service. Clinical, therapeutic, endoscopic and histological data were analyzed for each patient. Collectively, 94 of the patients developed GICs (77%). A moderate-severe mucositis was the most frequent complication, occurring in 79 patients (84%). Acute GI-GVHD was diagnosed in 35 patients (37% of whom with GICs) and 19 of them with a moderate-severe grade. Infective acute colitis developed in eight patients, mainly due to Clostridium difficile (CD) and Cytomegalovirus infections (8.5%). Rectal biopsy showed the highest sensitivity and specificity (80% and 100%, respectively). However, when biopsy procedures were guided by symptoms and performed on apparently intact mucosa, upper histology also provided a high negative predictive value (80%). Our multidisciplinary approach with a quick endoscopic/histologic investigation in the patients receiving an allo-HSCT and who suffered GICs could improve diagnostic and therapeutic management in this challenging setting.

Gastrointestinal Complications after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant: A Multidisciplinary Approach with Early Endoscopic Evaluation

Tarantino G
;
Saraceni F;Mancini G;Poiani M;Maroni L;Goteri G;Scortechini I;Fiorentini A;Marini F;Daretti L;Marzioni M;Bendia E;Benedetti A;Olivieri A.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Gastrointestinal complications (GICs) represent the major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Differential diagnosis of GICs is of paramount importance since early and reliable identification of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is essential for a correct management of the patients. The aim of the present retrospective study was to evaluate the occurrence of GICs after allo-HSCT and to assess the diagnostic performance of a quick endoscopic and histological assessment in the differential diagnosis between GVHD and other GI conditions. Between January 2015 and August 2019, 122 consecutive patients receiving an allo-HSCT were managed by an interdisciplinary team, supported by a dedicated endoscopic service. Clinical, therapeutic, endoscopic and histological data were analyzed for each patient. Collectively, 94 of the patients developed GICs (77%). A moderate-severe mucositis was the most frequent complication, occurring in 79 patients (84%). Acute GI-GVHD was diagnosed in 35 patients (37% of whom with GICs) and 19 of them with a moderate-severe grade. Infective acute colitis developed in eight patients, mainly due to Clostridium difficile (CD) and Cytomegalovirus infections (8.5%). Rectal biopsy showed the highest sensitivity and specificity (80% and 100%, respectively). However, when biopsy procedures were guided by symptoms and performed on apparently intact mucosa, upper histology also provided a high negative predictive value (80%). Our multidisciplinary approach with a quick endoscopic/histologic investigation in the patients receiving an allo-HSCT and who suffered GICs could improve diagnostic and therapeutic management in this challenging setting.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/294527
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact