Esca is one of the most common grape leaf diseases that seriously affect grape yield, causing a loss of global production in the range of 20%-40%. Therefore, a timely and effective identification of the disease could help to develop an early treatment approach to control its spread while reducing economic losses. For this purpose the use of computer vision and machine learning techniques for recognizing plant diseases have been extensively studied in recent years. The aim of this paper is to propose an image detector based on a high-performance convolutional neural network (CNN) implemented in a low cost, low power platform, to monitor the Esca disease in real-time. To meet the severe constraints typical of an embedded system, a new low-rank CNN architecture (LR-Net) based on CANDECOMP/PARAFAC (CP) tensor decomposition has been developed. The compressed CNN network so obtained has been trained on a specific dataset and implemented in a low-power, low-cost Python programmable machine vision camera for real-time classification. An extensive experimentation has been conducted and the results achieved show the superiority of LR-Net with respect to the state-of-the-art networks both in terms of inference time and memory occupancy.
A Low-Cost, Low-Power and Real-Time Image Detector for Grape Leaf Esca Disease Based on a Compressed CNN / Falaschetti, Laura; Manoni, Lorenzo; Calero Fuentes Rivera, Romel; Pau, Danilo; Romanazzi, Gianfranco; Silvestroni, Oriana; Tomaselli, Valeria; Turchetti, Claudio. - In: IEEE JOURNAL OF EMERGING AND SELECTED TOPICS IN CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS. - ISSN 2156-3357. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:3(2021), pp. 468-481. [10.1109/JETCAS.2021.3098454]