In preterm infants, bradycardias associate to critical health conditions. Standard algorithm for bradycardia identification assumes baseline heart rate (BHR) equal to 150bpm and identifies bradycardias when heart rate (HR) decreases below 100bpm. Since preterm infants show BHR varying from 120bpm to 160bpm, a new adaptive algorithm for real-time bradycardia identification was presented. The adaptive algorithm continuously adjusts BHR by averaging HR over the preceding 10-minute window after eliminating out-of-range HR values, and identifies bradycardias when HR decreases below 67% of BHR. Both standard and adaptive algorithms were evaluated using long-term (20.3–70.3h) electrocardiographic recordings of ten preterm infants (“Preterm Infant Cardio-respiratory Signals” database by Physionet). Bradycardias were characterized in terms of rate (BR, h−1) and depth (BD, bpm). Being also indexes of infants’ health conditions, gestational age at birth (GA, days), birth weight (BW, kg) and HR were used to evaluate performances of the algorithms. Association between BR and BD vs GA, BW and HR was evaluated by computation of the correlation coefficient (ρ). Overall, standard and adaptive algorithms identified 516 and 546 bradycardias, respectively; median BR and BD values were comparable (1.25h−1 and 76bpm vs 1.26h−1 and 70bpm, respectively). However, the adaptive algorithm provided higher BD for HR>150bpm, and vice versa. Significant (p value<0.05) correlations were found between BR and HR (ρ=0.69), BR and BW (ρ=−0.76), and BR and HR (ρ=0.76) only when using the adaptive algorithm. Thus, the adaptive algorithm is superior to the standard algorithm and represents a potentially clinically useful tool for real-time bradycardia assessment in preterm infants.
Adaptive bradycardia assessment in preterm infants / Sbrollini, A.; Mancinelli, M.; Marcantoni, I.; Morettini, M.; Carnielli, V. P.; Burattini, L.. - In: BIOMEDICAL SIGNAL PROCESSING AND CONTROL. - ISSN 1746-8094. - ELETTRONICO. - 68:102816(2021), pp. 1-7. [10.1016/j.bspc.2021.102816]