Background Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) and Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) are serious health challenges. Point prevalence surveys (PPS) are valuable tools for monitoring HAIs and AMR. Aim. To describe results of the ECDC-PPS 2022 dealing with the prevalence of HAIs, antimicrobial consumption, and associated factors, in acute care hospitals. Methods The present point-prevalence have been carried out survey in November 2022 in fourteen hospitals according to the protocol proposed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Multilevel logistic regression was performed using geographical area/hospital type as cluster variable to evaluate the factors independently associated with HAIs and antibiotics. Results The point prevalence of HAIs was 7.43%. Patients hospitalized for longer periods were more likely to have an HAI as well as those aged 15-44, with a rapidly fatal disease, intubated and with 1 or 2 devices. Antibiotics prevalence was 47.30%. Males, unknown McCabe scores, minimally invasive/non-NHSN surgery, patients with HAIs, hospitals with a higher alcohol hand rub consumption, hospitals with a higher amount of IPC personnel, geriatric wards and hospital with 300-600 beds were more likely to be under antimicrobial therapy. Conclusion This point prevalence survey provided valuable information on the prevalence of HAIs and antimicrobial consumption and variables associated. The high prevalence of HAIs highlights the need for improved infection control measures

Point-prevalence survey of antibiotic use and HAIs in acute care hospitals: a comprehensive report from the Marche Region of Italy / Barbadoro, Pamela; Dolcini, Jacopo; Fortunato, Corinna; MENGARELLI detto RINALDINI, Davide; Martini, Enrica; Grazia Gioia, Maria; Mengoni, Donatella; D'Errico, Marcello Mario; Schimizzi, on behalf of theThe Marches ICA-Net Working Collaborative Group (M.; Baldassarri, A.; Vincitorio, D.; Biondi, M.; Ferretti, P.; Maestri, S.; Draghi, E.; Arsego, D.; Ferrara, L.; Vittorio, M.; Capasso, M.; Di Falco, C.; Scaloni, G.; Di Febbo, M.; Aguzzi, A.; Benigni, V.; Tavio, M.; Marigliano, A.; Rinaldi, A.; Marcello, A.; Mazzacchera, A.; Serafini, A.; Genga, A.; Mangino, C. D. G.; Vesprini, C.; Barbaresi, D.; Scutti, D.; Mali, E.; Semprini, G. M.; Marchini, G.; Ricciotti, G. M.; Mercante, G.; Paolorossi, G.; Faggi, M. I.; Gatti, L.; Uncini, M.; Toscano, O. D.; Sabatini, P.; Rosati, S.; Bizzarri, S.; Poggioli, T.; Garota, I.; Pertosa, M. E.; R. Mazzoccanti., M.. - In: JOURNAL OF HOSPITAL INFECTION. - ISSN 1532-2939. - ELETTRONICO. - 141:(2023), pp. 80-87. [10.1016/j.jhin.2023.07.025]

Point-prevalence survey of antibiotic use and HAIs in acute care hospitals: a comprehensive report from the Marche Region of Italy

Pamela Barbadoro
Primo
Supervision
;
Jacopo Dolcini
;
Corinna Fortunato;Davide Mengarelli detto Rinaldini;Marcello Mario D’Errico;A. Rinaldi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
A. Marcello
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
A. Mazzacchera
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
A. Serafini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
A. Genga
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
C. D. G. Mangino
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
C. Vesprini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
D. Barbaresi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
D. Scutti
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
G. M. Semprini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
G. Marchini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
G. M. Ricciotti
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
G. Mercante
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
G. Paolorossi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
M. I. Faggi
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
L. Gatti
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
M. Uncini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
O. D. Toscano
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
P. Sabatini
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
S. Rosati
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
S. Bizzarri
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
T. Poggioli
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background Healthcare Associated Infections (HAIs) and Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) are serious health challenges. Point prevalence surveys (PPS) are valuable tools for monitoring HAIs and AMR. Aim. To describe results of the ECDC-PPS 2022 dealing with the prevalence of HAIs, antimicrobial consumption, and associated factors, in acute care hospitals. Methods The present point-prevalence have been carried out survey in November 2022 in fourteen hospitals according to the protocol proposed by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Multilevel logistic regression was performed using geographical area/hospital type as cluster variable to evaluate the factors independently associated with HAIs and antibiotics. Results The point prevalence of HAIs was 7.43%. Patients hospitalized for longer periods were more likely to have an HAI as well as those aged 15-44, with a rapidly fatal disease, intubated and with 1 or 2 devices. Antibiotics prevalence was 47.30%. Males, unknown McCabe scores, minimally invasive/non-NHSN surgery, patients with HAIs, hospitals with a higher alcohol hand rub consumption, hospitals with a higher amount of IPC personnel, geriatric wards and hospital with 300-600 beds were more likely to be under antimicrobial therapy. Conclusion This point prevalence survey provided valuable information on the prevalence of HAIs and antimicrobial consumption and variables associated. The high prevalence of HAIs highlights the need for improved infection control measures
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/330822
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