BackgroundSmall-for-gestational-age (SGA) preterm infants are at increased risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). There is limited information on pulmonary oxygen diffusion of SGA preterm infants, particularly in those without BPD. ObjectiveTo compare the pulmonary oxygen diffusion of SGA to that of appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) preterm infants without BPD. Study DesignPreterm infants with a gestational age (GA) between 24.0 and 31.6 weeks were studied. The oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), fraction to inspired oxygen (FiO(2)), and the SpO(2) to FiO(2) ratio (SFR) were compared between SGA and AGA infants. The association between SGA and SFR at 36 weeks was assessed using a multiple regression analysis. In the subgroup without BPD, SGA were match-paired for GA and gender with AGA infants. ResultsWe analyzed 1189 infants surviving at 36 weeks: 194 (16%) were SGA and 995 (84%) AGA. The incidence of BPD was significantly higher in SGA than AGA infants (32% vs. 13%; p = .000). Out of the 995 infants without BPD, 132 (13%) were SGA and 863 (87%) AGA. SGA was negatively associated with the SFR value at 36 weeks, independently from BPD. SGA infants without BPD had significantly higher (better) SFR at birth, but lower (worse) SpO(2) and SFR and from 33 to 36 weeks than their matched AGA counterpart. At 36 weeks, median SpO(2) and SFR values were 97.7 versus 98.4 (p = .006) and 465 versus 468 (p = .010) in match-paired SGA and AGA, respectively. ConclusionAmong preterm infants of less than 32 weeks and without BPD, SGA infants had a reduced pulmonary oxygen diffusion at 36 weeks in comparison with AGA infants.

Reduced pulmonary oxygen diffusion at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age in small-for-gestational-age preterm infants of less than 32 weeks without bronchopulmonary dysplasia / Correani, Alessio; Lanciotti, Lucia; Giorgetti, Chiara; Palazzi, Maria Laura; Monachesi, Chiara; Antognoli, Luca; Burattini, Ilaria; Cogo, Paola; Carnielli, Virgilio. - In: PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY. - ISSN 1099-0496. - 58:11(2023), pp. 3054-3062. [10.1002/ppul.26620]

Reduced pulmonary oxygen diffusion at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age in small-for-gestational-age preterm infants of less than 32 weeks without bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Correani, Alessio
;
Lanciotti, Lucia;Carnielli, Virgilio
2023-01-01

Abstract

BackgroundSmall-for-gestational-age (SGA) preterm infants are at increased risk of developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). There is limited information on pulmonary oxygen diffusion of SGA preterm infants, particularly in those without BPD. ObjectiveTo compare the pulmonary oxygen diffusion of SGA to that of appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) preterm infants without BPD. Study DesignPreterm infants with a gestational age (GA) between 24.0 and 31.6 weeks were studied. The oxygen saturation (SpO(2)), fraction to inspired oxygen (FiO(2)), and the SpO(2) to FiO(2) ratio (SFR) were compared between SGA and AGA infants. The association between SGA and SFR at 36 weeks was assessed using a multiple regression analysis. In the subgroup without BPD, SGA were match-paired for GA and gender with AGA infants. ResultsWe analyzed 1189 infants surviving at 36 weeks: 194 (16%) were SGA and 995 (84%) AGA. The incidence of BPD was significantly higher in SGA than AGA infants (32% vs. 13%; p = .000). Out of the 995 infants without BPD, 132 (13%) were SGA and 863 (87%) AGA. SGA was negatively associated with the SFR value at 36 weeks, independently from BPD. SGA infants without BPD had significantly higher (better) SFR at birth, but lower (worse) SpO(2) and SFR and from 33 to 36 weeks than their matched AGA counterpart. At 36 weeks, median SpO(2) and SFR values were 97.7 versus 98.4 (p = .006) and 465 versus 468 (p = .010) in match-paired SGA and AGA, respectively. ConclusionAmong preterm infants of less than 32 weeks and without BPD, SGA infants had a reduced pulmonary oxygen diffusion at 36 weeks in comparison with AGA infants.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/325249
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