In the present work an isocratic enantioselective high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the separation and quantitative determination of dextro - and levo -methorphan and their pharmacologically relevant metabolites, dextrorphan and levorphanol, respectively, in human blood samples. The separation of enantiomers of methorphan and metabolites was performed on the polysaccharide-based chiral column Lux AMP in combination with acetonitrile and 5 mM aqueous ammonium bicarbonate pH 11 in the ratio 50:50 (%, v/v) as mobile phase with the flow rate 1 mL/min. The mass spectrometer was operated in scheduled multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode, with four transitions for each dextromethorpan, levomethorphan, dextrorphan and dextromethorphan-d3 and two transitions for each levorphanol, levorphanol-d3 and dextrorphan-d3. Application of this method to human post-mortem blood samples confirmed cases of severe overdosing with dextromethorphan, levomethorphan, and less commonly with both.

Development of an enantioselective high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantitative determination of methorphan and its O-demethylated metabolite in human blood and its application to post-mortem samples / Lo Faro, Alfredo Fabrizio; Berardinelli, Diletta; Sprega, Giorgia; Tini, Anastasio; Carlier, Jeremy; Farkas, Tivadar; Busardo', Francesco Paolo; Chankvetadze, Bezhan. - In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS. - ISSN 0731-7085. - 230:(2023), p. 115384. [10.1016/j.jpba.2023.115384]

Development of an enantioselective high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantitative determination of methorphan and its O-demethylated metabolite in human blood and its application to post-mortem samples

Lo Faro, Alfredo Fabrizio;Berardinelli, Diletta;Sprega, Giorgia;Tini, Anastasio;Carlier, Jeremy;Busardo', Francesco Paolo;Chankvetadze, Bezhan
2023-01-01

Abstract

In the present work an isocratic enantioselective high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the separation and quantitative determination of dextro - and levo -methorphan and their pharmacologically relevant metabolites, dextrorphan and levorphanol, respectively, in human blood samples. The separation of enantiomers of methorphan and metabolites was performed on the polysaccharide-based chiral column Lux AMP in combination with acetonitrile and 5 mM aqueous ammonium bicarbonate pH 11 in the ratio 50:50 (%, v/v) as mobile phase with the flow rate 1 mL/min. The mass spectrometer was operated in scheduled multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode, with four transitions for each dextromethorpan, levomethorphan, dextrorphan and dextromethorphan-d3 and two transitions for each levorphanol, levorphanol-d3 and dextrorphan-d3. Application of this method to human post-mortem blood samples confirmed cases of severe overdosing with dextromethorphan, levomethorphan, and less commonly with both.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/322040
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