: Helicobacter pylori infection is very common and affects more than one-third of adults in Italy. Helicobacter pylori causes several gastro-duodenal diseases, such as gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric malignancy, and extra-gastric diseases. The eradication of the bacteria is becoming complex to achieve due to increasing antimicrobial resistance. To address clinical questions related to the diagnosis and treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, three working groups examined the following topics: (1) non-invasive and invasive diagnostic tests, (2) first-line treatment, and (3) rescue therapies for Helicobacter pylori infection. Recommendations are based on the best available evidence to help physicians manage Helicobacter pylori infection in Italy, and have been endorsed by the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Society of Digestive Endoscopy.
Management of Helicobacter pylori infection: Guidelines of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology (SIGE) and the Italian Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SIED) / Romano, Marco; Gravina, Antonietta Gerarda; Eusebi, Leonardo Henry; Pellegrino, Raffaele; Palladino, Giovanna; Frazzoni, Leonardo; Dajti, Elton; Gasbarrini, Antonio; Di Mario, Francesco; Zagari, Rocco Maurizio; Benedetti, Antonio.. - In: DIGESTIVE AND LIVER DISEASE. - ISSN 1878-3562. - 54:9(2022), pp. 1153-1161. [10.1016/j.dld.2022.06.019]