The environmental policy of the European Union is boosting the development of renewable energies. Among these, bioenergy holds the main share and is expected to further increase. Such development requires a higher degree of efficiency in the whole supply chain. This is achieved also with an enhanced fuel quality control and a better matching with the energy conversion systems. For solid biofuels, moisture content is the main quality parameters, influencing the sustainability of the whole energy system. With the aim to provide a real-time and portable tool for moisture measurement, a hand-held near infrared spectrometer was tested on a dataset of 817 wood chip samples provided by an industrial facility. A set of key performance parameters were used to compare the estimation of three alternative prediction models and the standard oven dry method. Results show a satisfactory reliability with R-2 ranging from 0.86 to 0.89 depending on the model. A single measure can be acquired in few seconds, and the potential to deploy the non-destructive analysis directly at the fuel storage (yard) and at different steps of the supply chain discloses a wide range of options to efficiently control fuel quality.

Performance of a portable NIR spectrometer for the determination of moisture content of industrial wood chips fuel / Toscano, Giuseppe; Leoni, Elena; Gasperini, Thomas; Picchi, Gianni. - In: FUEL. - ISSN 0016-2361. - ELETTRONICO. - 320:(2022), p. 123948. [10.1016/j.fuel.2022.123948]

Performance of a portable NIR spectrometer for the determination of moisture content of industrial wood chips fuel

Giuseppe Toscano
Primo
;
Elena Leoni;Thomas Gasperini;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The environmental policy of the European Union is boosting the development of renewable energies. Among these, bioenergy holds the main share and is expected to further increase. Such development requires a higher degree of efficiency in the whole supply chain. This is achieved also with an enhanced fuel quality control and a better matching with the energy conversion systems. For solid biofuels, moisture content is the main quality parameters, influencing the sustainability of the whole energy system. With the aim to provide a real-time and portable tool for moisture measurement, a hand-held near infrared spectrometer was tested on a dataset of 817 wood chip samples provided by an industrial facility. A set of key performance parameters were used to compare the estimation of three alternative prediction models and the standard oven dry method. Results show a satisfactory reliability with R-2 ranging from 0.86 to 0.89 depending on the model. A single measure can be acquired in few seconds, and the potential to deploy the non-destructive analysis directly at the fuel storage (yard) and at different steps of the supply chain discloses a wide range of options to efficiently control fuel quality.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/314095
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