Metabolic and overload disorders are a heterogeneous group of relatively uncommon but important diseases. While imaging plays a key role in the early detection and accurate diagnosis in specific organs with a pivotal role in several metabolic pathways, most of these diseases affect different tissues as part of a systemic syndromes. Moreover, since the symptoms are often vague and phenotypes similar, imaging alterations can present as incidental findings, which must be recognized and interpreted in the light of further biochemical and histological investigations. Among imaging modalities, MRI allows, thanks to its multiparametric properties, to obtain numerous information on tissue composition, but many metabolic and accumulation alterations require a multimodal evaluation, possibly using advanced imaging techniques and sequences, not only for the detection but also for accurate characterization and quantification. The purpose of this review is to describe the different alterations resulting from metabolic and overload pathologies in organs and tissues throughout the body, with particular reference to imaging findings.
Imaging of metabolic and overload disorders in tissues and organs / Bruno, Federico; Albano, Domenico; Agostini, Andrea; Benenati, Massimo; Cannella, Roberto; Caruso, Damiano; Cellina, Michaela; Cozzi, Diletta; Danti, Ginevra; De Muzio, Federica; Gentili, Francesco; Giacobbe, Giuliana; Gitto, Salvatore; Grazzini, Giulia; Grazzini, Irene; Messina, Carmelo; Palmisano, Anna; Palumbo, Pierpaolo; Bruno, Alessandra; Grassi, Francesca; Grassi, Roberta; Fusco, Roberta; Granata, Vincenza; Giovagnoni, Andrea; Miele, Vittorio; Barile, Antonio. - In: JAPANESE JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 1867-1071. - (2023). [10.1007/s11604-022-01379-7]