Model updating procedures based on experimental data are commonly used in case of historic buildings to identify numerical models that are subsequently employed to assess their structural behaviour. The reliability of these models is closely related to their ability to account for all the uncertainties that are involved in the knowledge process. In this regard, to handle these uncertainties and quantify their propagation, Bayesian inference is frequently employed being able to deal with the effects of parameter uncertainty, observation errors and model inadequacy. The computation of the posterior distribution through Bayesian inference needs–however–the evaluation of the likelihood function, which requires solving complex multi-dimensional integration problems. To bridge this shortcoming, the paper compares two Bayesian inference approaches to show how different approximations affect the results of simulated inference: a discrete approach for the likelihood computation in the Bayesian Model Updating (BMU) and a Monte Carlo likelihood-free method known as Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) are reported. As reference, the typology of historic masonry towers was considered by using their natural frequencies as experimental data for model updating. The two procedures provide very similar results supporting the validity of both methods despite ABC turns out to be a more flexible approach.

Comparison between Bayesian updating and approximate Bayesian computation for model identification of masonry towers through dynamic data / Monchetti, Silvia; Viscardi, Cecilia; Betti, Michele; Clementi, Francesco. - In: BULLETIN OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1573-1456. - STAMPA. - (2023), pp. 1-19. [10.1007/s10518-023-01670-6]

Comparison between Bayesian updating and approximate Bayesian computation for model identification of masonry towers through dynamic data

Clementi, Francesco
Membro del Collaboration Group
2023-01-01

Abstract

Model updating procedures based on experimental data are commonly used in case of historic buildings to identify numerical models that are subsequently employed to assess their structural behaviour. The reliability of these models is closely related to their ability to account for all the uncertainties that are involved in the knowledge process. In this regard, to handle these uncertainties and quantify their propagation, Bayesian inference is frequently employed being able to deal with the effects of parameter uncertainty, observation errors and model inadequacy. The computation of the posterior distribution through Bayesian inference needs–however–the evaluation of the likelihood function, which requires solving complex multi-dimensional integration problems. To bridge this shortcoming, the paper compares two Bayesian inference approaches to show how different approximations affect the results of simulated inference: a discrete approach for the likelihood computation in the Bayesian Model Updating (BMU) and a Monte Carlo likelihood-free method known as Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) are reported. As reference, the typology of historic masonry towers was considered by using their natural frequencies as experimental data for model updating. The two procedures provide very similar results supporting the validity of both methods despite ABC turns out to be a more flexible approach.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/313108
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