The present work proposes a simulation and control framework for home and building automation, focusing on heating, ventilating, and air conditioning processes. Control systems based on different advanced control architectures and different control policies are simulated and compared, highlighting control performances, and energy-saving results in terms of CO2 emissions reduction. Heat, lighting, and natural ventilation phenomena were modelized through first-principles and empirical equations, obtaining a reliable and flexible simulation framework. Energy-consuming and green energy-supplying renewable sources were integrated into the framework, e.g., heat pumps, artificial lights, fresh air flow, and natural illuminance. Different control schemes are proposed, based on proportional–integral–derivative advanced control architectures and discrete event dynamic systems-based supervisors; different control specifications are included, resulting in a multi-mode control system. The specifications refer to energy savings and comfort management, while minimizing overall costs. Comfort specifications include thermal comfort, lighting comfort, and a good level of indoor air quality. Simulations on different scenarios considering various control schemes and specifications show the reliability and soundness of the simulation and control framework. The simulated control and energy performances show the potential of the proposed approach, which can provide energy-saving results greater or equal to 6 [%] (in each season) and 19 [%] (in one year) with respect to more standard approaches.

Thermal, Lighting and IAQ Control System for Energy Saving and Comfort Management / Zanoli, Silvia Maria; Pepe, Crescenzo. - In: PROCESSES. - ISSN 2227-9717. - 11:1(2023). [10.3390/pr11010222]

Thermal, Lighting and IAQ Control System for Energy Saving and Comfort Management

Zanoli, Silvia Maria
;
Pepe, Crescenzo
2023-01-01

Abstract

The present work proposes a simulation and control framework for home and building automation, focusing on heating, ventilating, and air conditioning processes. Control systems based on different advanced control architectures and different control policies are simulated and compared, highlighting control performances, and energy-saving results in terms of CO2 emissions reduction. Heat, lighting, and natural ventilation phenomena were modelized through first-principles and empirical equations, obtaining a reliable and flexible simulation framework. Energy-consuming and green energy-supplying renewable sources were integrated into the framework, e.g., heat pumps, artificial lights, fresh air flow, and natural illuminance. Different control schemes are proposed, based on proportional–integral–derivative advanced control architectures and discrete event dynamic systems-based supervisors; different control specifications are included, resulting in a multi-mode control system. The specifications refer to energy savings and comfort management, while minimizing overall costs. Comfort specifications include thermal comfort, lighting comfort, and a good level of indoor air quality. Simulations on different scenarios considering various control schemes and specifications show the reliability and soundness of the simulation and control framework. The simulated control and energy performances show the potential of the proposed approach, which can provide energy-saving results greater or equal to 6 [%] (in each season) and 19 [%] (in one year) with respect to more standard approaches.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/310047
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