Biodegradable poly-lactic poly-glycolic copolymer (PLGA) represents one of the best strategies adopted to convey small molecules unstable and characterised by a low bioavailability if administered without vehicles. This is the case of Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which is one of the most interesting polyphenols from a biomedical point of view. In this study, the impact of EGCG on PLGA nanoparticles (NPs) properties has been studied underlining the role of the binary PVA/Poloxamer-407 as stabilizer system for obtaining colloidal stable NPs. Characterization has been carried out by dynamic light scattering (DLS), encapsulation efficiency, drug release studies, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and infrared spectroscopy (IR). Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been used to model the PLGA and EGCG systems to understand the behaviour of NPs and the interactions that guided the EGCG encapsulation. The nanodispersions exhibited promising cytotoxic potentials in human lung carcinoma A549 cell lines enhancing the well-known growth inhibitor effect of the free EGCG.
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