: Stable isotope tracers, like 13 C, can be used for the measurement of the partition between the endogenous and exogenous pulmonary disaturated-phosphatidylcholine (DSPC). Deuterium labeling methods are still not fully explored. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility of using deuterium-depleted water (DDW) and deuterium-enriched water (DEW) to measure endogenous and exogenous pulmonary DSPC in a rabbit model of surfactant depletion. Data obtained from the 13 C dilution method were used as a reference. We studied 9 adult rabbits: 4 drank DDW and 5 DEW for 5 days. Lung surfactant depletion was induced at Day 5 by repeated saline bronchoalveolar lavages (BAL), which were stored as a pool (BAL pool). After endogenous surfactant depletion, rabbits received exogenous surfactant followed by a second BAL depletion procedure (End-Experiment Pool). DSPC quantity, and palmitic acid (PA)-DSPC 2 H/1 H (δ2 H) and 13 C/12 C ratios (δ13 C) of exogenous surfactant batches and of BAL pools were measured by High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry. The amount of exogenous surfactant recovered from the lungs ranged from 45% to 81% and, it was highly correlated with those obtained with the use of the 13 C (r = 0.9844, p < 0.0001). We demonstrated that commercially available purified DDW and even low doses of DEW can be used to modify the deuterium background of endogenous surfactants with the purpose of measuring the contribution of exogenous surfactants to the endogenous alveolar surfactant pool.

A novel deuterium-based model for measurement of exogenous surfactant using deuterium-depleted water

Correani, Alessio;Carnielli, Virgilio P
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Stable isotope tracers, like 13 C, can be used for the measurement of the partition between the endogenous and exogenous pulmonary disaturated-phosphatidylcholine (DSPC). Deuterium labeling methods are still not fully explored. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility of using deuterium-depleted water (DDW) and deuterium-enriched water (DEW) to measure endogenous and exogenous pulmonary DSPC in a rabbit model of surfactant depletion. Data obtained from the 13 C dilution method were used as a reference. We studied 9 adult rabbits: 4 drank DDW and 5 DEW for 5 days. Lung surfactant depletion was induced at Day 5 by repeated saline bronchoalveolar lavages (BAL), which were stored as a pool (BAL pool). After endogenous surfactant depletion, rabbits received exogenous surfactant followed by a second BAL depletion procedure (End-Experiment Pool). DSPC quantity, and palmitic acid (PA)-DSPC 2 H/1 H (δ2 H) and 13 C/12 C ratios (δ13 C) of exogenous surfactant batches and of BAL pools were measured by High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry. The amount of exogenous surfactant recovered from the lungs ranged from 45% to 81% and, it was highly correlated with those obtained with the use of the 13 C (r = 0.9844, p < 0.0001). We demonstrated that commercially available purified DDW and even low doses of DEW can be used to modify the deuterium background of endogenous surfactants with the purpose of measuring the contribution of exogenous surfactants to the endogenous alveolar surfactant pool.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/309601
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact