Brassicaceae plants are rich with antioxidant compounds that play a key role for human health. This study wants to characterize two Italian broccoli cultivars (Roya and Santee) and black cabbage, evaluating the variation of antioxidants in different portion and at different developmental stage of the plants: for broccoli, heads and stems were sampled, while for black cabbage, leaves and seeds were analyzed. Roja cultivar was also analyzed at the first and second harvest to evaluate the variation of phytochemical compounds over time. Nutritional and sensorial qualities were investigated. Black cabbage seeds showed higher value of total antioxidants, total phenols, and total anthocyanins than leaves. Similarly, phenolics and anthocyanins content in head was higher than in stem in broccoli. In Roja cultivar, the harvest date seemed to influence the antioxidant capacity and the phytochemical compounds content, with broccoli sampled in the second harvest showing better results for all the nutritional parameters. These local vegetables represent a significant source of antioxidants and may contribute to health benefits of the consumers.

Variation of Nutritional Quality Depending on Harvested Plant Portion of Broccoli and Black Cabbage

Mezzetti B.;Biondi F.;Balducci F.;Capocasa F.;Mazzoni L.
2022

Abstract

Brassicaceae plants are rich with antioxidant compounds that play a key role for human health. This study wants to characterize two Italian broccoli cultivars (Roya and Santee) and black cabbage, evaluating the variation of antioxidants in different portion and at different developmental stage of the plants: for broccoli, heads and stems were sampled, while for black cabbage, leaves and seeds were analyzed. Roja cultivar was also analyzed at the first and second harvest to evaluate the variation of phytochemical compounds over time. Nutritional and sensorial qualities were investigated. Black cabbage seeds showed higher value of total antioxidants, total phenols, and total anthocyanins than leaves. Similarly, phenolics and anthocyanins content in head was higher than in stem in broccoli. In Roja cultivar, the harvest date seemed to influence the antioxidant capacity and the phytochemical compounds content, with broccoli sampled in the second harvest showing better results for all the nutritional parameters. These local vegetables represent a significant source of antioxidants and may contribute to health benefits of the consumers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/307401
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