Testing of wireless devices and systems is becoming increasingly important in the technological development of Long Term Evolution (LTE) and 5G mobile networks. Both mobile and base station manufacturers are interested in assessing system performance and user perceived quality in realistic propagation environments, including indoor and outdoor conditions. Real-life electromagnetic environments exhibit rich multipath propagation and a strong attenuation of the wireless signal over the propagation channel. Emulating those conditions in anechoic chambers requires the careful arrangement of many interference sources in multiple configurations, which leads to complex and time-consuming measurements. The reverberation chamber (RC) is a metallic cavity where the signal created by a single source is reflected and diffused to create multipath fading. This paper gives an overview of how an RC can be tuned to emulate channel parameters, e.g., power delay profile, time delay spread, coherence bandwidth and Rician K-factor, of real-life environments The addition of absorbing material inside the RC allows for varying those parameters, thus recreating line of sight and imperfect propagation conditions experienced by the user equipment (UE). Compliant electromagnetic compatibility downlink and uplink tests are shown for selected MIMO configurations as well as for Internet of Things devices. The tests are carried out using a commercial base station connected to the live national mobile network of a mobile operator. Evaluated network parameters are throughput, signal to noise ratio, modulation schemes and other settings of both the base station and of the UE to assess the quality of the digital communication.
Reverberation chambers for testing wireless devices and systems / Mariani Primiani, V.; Barazzetta, M.; Bastianelli, L.; Micheli, D.; Moglie, F.; Diamanti, R.; Gradoni, G.. - In: IEEE ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY MAGAZINE. - ISSN 2162-2264. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:2(2020), pp. 45-55. [10.1109/MEMC.2020.9133241]