Heart failure (HF) diagnosis, typically visually performed by serial electrocardiography, may be supported by machine-learning approaches. Repeated structuring & learning procedure (RS&LP) is a constructive algorithm able to automatically create artificial neural networks (ANN); it relies on three parameters, namely maximal number of hidden layers (MNL), initializations (MNI) and confirmations (MNC), arbitrarily set by the user. The aim of this study is to evaluate RS&LP robustness to varying values of parameters and to identify an optimized combination of parameter values for HF diagnosis. To this aim, the Leiden University Medical Center HF database was used. The database is constituted by 129 serial ECG pairs acquired in patients who experienced myocardial infarction; 48 patients developed HF at follow-up (cases), while 81 remained clinically stable (controls). Overall, 15 ANNs were created by considering 13 serial ECG features as inputs (extracted from each serial ECG pair), 2 classes as outputs (cases/controls), and varying values of MNL (1, 2, 3, 4 and 10), MNI (50, 250, 500, 1000 and 1500) and MNC (2, 5, 10, 20 and 50). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic did not significantly vary with varying parameter values (P ≥ 0.09). The optimized combination of parameter values, identified as the one showing the highest AUC, was obtained for MNL = 3, MNI = 500 and MNC = 50 (AUC = 86 %; ANN structure: 3 hidden layers of 14, 14 and 13 neurons, respectively). Thus, RS&LP is robust, and the optimized ANN represents a potentially useful clinical tool for a reliable automatic HF diagnosis.

Automatic diagnosis of newly emerged heart failure from serial electrocardiography by repeated structuring & learning procedure

Sbrollini A.;Marcantoni I.;Morettini M.;Swenne C. A.;Burattini L.
2023

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) diagnosis, typically visually performed by serial electrocardiography, may be supported by machine-learning approaches. Repeated structuring & learning procedure (RS&LP) is a constructive algorithm able to automatically create artificial neural networks (ANN); it relies on three parameters, namely maximal number of hidden layers (MNL), initializations (MNI) and confirmations (MNC), arbitrarily set by the user. The aim of this study is to evaluate RS&LP robustness to varying values of parameters and to identify an optimized combination of parameter values for HF diagnosis. To this aim, the Leiden University Medical Center HF database was used. The database is constituted by 129 serial ECG pairs acquired in patients who experienced myocardial infarction; 48 patients developed HF at follow-up (cases), while 81 remained clinically stable (controls). Overall, 15 ANNs were created by considering 13 serial ECG features as inputs (extracted from each serial ECG pair), 2 classes as outputs (cases/controls), and varying values of MNL (1, 2, 3, 4 and 10), MNI (50, 250, 500, 1000 and 1500) and MNC (2, 5, 10, 20 and 50). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic did not significantly vary with varying parameter values (P ≥ 0.09). The optimized combination of parameter values, identified as the one showing the highest AUC, was obtained for MNL = 3, MNI = 500 and MNC = 50 (AUC = 86 %; ANN structure: 3 hidden layers of 14, 14 and 13 neurons, respectively). Thus, RS&LP is robust, and the optimized ANN represents a potentially useful clinical tool for a reliable automatic HF diagnosis.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
BSPC2022_RSLPHF_AS.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Descrizione: articolo
Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO-Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 2.34 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.34 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/306258
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact