BackgroundOlder adults are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Renin-angiotensin-system inhibitors (RASi) were found to have a neutral or protective effect against mortality in COVID-19 adult patients. AimsWe investigated whether this association was confirmed also in COVID-19 older patients. MethodsThis is a prospective observational study on 337 hospitalized older adults (aged 80 years and older). We classified the study population according to usage of RASi before and during hospitalization. A propensity score analysis was also performed to confirm the findings. ResultsThe mean age was 87.4 +/- 6.1 years. Patients taking RASi at home were 147 (43.6%). During hospitalization, 38 patients (11.3% of the entire study population) discontinued RASi, while 57 patients (16.9% of the entire study population) started RASi. In-hospital mortality was 43.9%. Patients taking RASi during hospitalization (patients who maintained their home RASi therapy + patients who started RASi during hospitalization) had a significantly lower in-hospital mortality than untreated patients [HR 0.48 (95% CI: 0.34-0.67)], even after adjustment for required respiratory support, functional status, albumin, inflammation, and cardiac biomarkers. The analysis of the groups derived from the "propensity score matching" (58 patients in each group) confirmed these results [HR 0.46 (95% CI: 0.23-0.91)]. DiscussionDespite the high risk of death in older COVID-19 patients, RASi therapy during hospitalization was associated with a clinically relevant lower in-hospital mortality, likely due to the benefit of RAS modulation on the cardiopulmonary system during the acute phase of the disease. ConclusionOur findings confirm the protective role of RASi even in COVID-19 patients aged 80 years and older.

Renin-Angiotensin-System Inhibitors Are Associated With Lower In-hospital Mortality in COVID-19 Patients Aged 80 and Older

Spannella, Francesco
Primo
;
Giulietti, Federico;Di Pentima, Chiara;Allevi, Massimiliano;Bordoni, Valentina;Filipponi, Andrea;Falzetti, Sara;Garbuglia, Caterina;Scorcella, Samuele;Sarzani, Riccardo
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

BackgroundOlder adults are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Renin-angiotensin-system inhibitors (RASi) were found to have a neutral or protective effect against mortality in COVID-19 adult patients. AimsWe investigated whether this association was confirmed also in COVID-19 older patients. MethodsThis is a prospective observational study on 337 hospitalized older adults (aged 80 years and older). We classified the study population according to usage of RASi before and during hospitalization. A propensity score analysis was also performed to confirm the findings. ResultsThe mean age was 87.4 +/- 6.1 years. Patients taking RASi at home were 147 (43.6%). During hospitalization, 38 patients (11.3% of the entire study population) discontinued RASi, while 57 patients (16.9% of the entire study population) started RASi. In-hospital mortality was 43.9%. Patients taking RASi during hospitalization (patients who maintained their home RASi therapy + patients who started RASi during hospitalization) had a significantly lower in-hospital mortality than untreated patients [HR 0.48 (95% CI: 0.34-0.67)], even after adjustment for required respiratory support, functional status, albumin, inflammation, and cardiac biomarkers. The analysis of the groups derived from the "propensity score matching" (58 patients in each group) confirmed these results [HR 0.46 (95% CI: 0.23-0.91)]. DiscussionDespite the high risk of death in older COVID-19 patients, RASi therapy during hospitalization was associated with a clinically relevant lower in-hospital mortality, likely due to the benefit of RAS modulation on the cardiopulmonary system during the acute phase of the disease. ConclusionOur findings confirm the protective role of RASi even in COVID-19 patients aged 80 years and older.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/306099
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