Epidemiological studies suggest associations between diabetes mellitus (DM) andbladder cancer. Several potential mechanisms may explain the increased bladdercancer burden in DM patients. Hyperglycaemia is associated with dysregulation of cellintracellular metabolism and alterations of lipoprotein metabolism and oxidative stress. Dysfunctional HDL including glycated and oxidized HDL are described in DM. Weevaluated the effect of normal HDL (N-HDL) and glycated HDL (G-HDL) on cellproliferation and oxidative stress of J82 bladder cancer cells. We also studied the effectof HDL on cholesterol influx and efflux. In addition, the levels of proteins involvedin cholesterol transport (ABCA1, SRB1, ABCG1) by western blot analysis were studied.Our results demonstrate that N-HDL and G-HDL promote cell proliferation and increase intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels triggered by incubation of tert-butylhydroperoxide. The increase of intracellular ROS in cells preincubated with G-HDL was associated to higher levels of TBARS in cells compared to N-HDL. Cholesterol efflux wasincreased, on the contrary cholesterol influx was significantly decreased in cellsincubated with G-HDL with respect to cells incubated with N-HDL. Levels of SR-B1 and ABCG1 was increased in cells incubated with G-HDL, suggestingthat dysfunctional HDL could affect cholesterol homeostasis in J82 cells. These resultssuggest that HDL-based treatments should be considered for treatment of urinary bladder cancer.
Effect of glycated HDL on oxidative stress and cholesterol homeostasis in a human bladder cancer cell line, J82 / Obaidul Islam, Md; Bacchetti, Tiziana; Berrougui, Hicham; Abdelouahed Khalil, Null; Ferretti, Gianna. - In: EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-4800. - 126:(2022), p. 104777. [10.1016/j.yexmp.2022.104777]