A major player in the homeostatic response to hypoxia is the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 that transactivates a number of genes involved in neovessel proliferation in response to low oxygen tension. In the retina, hypoxia overstimulates β-adrenoceptors (β-ARs) which play a key role in the formation of pathogenic blood vessels. Among β-ARs, β3-AR expression is increased in proliferating vessels in concomitance with increased levels of HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Whether, similarly to VEGF, hypoxia-induced β3-AR upregulation is driven by HIF-1 is still unknown. We used the mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), an acknowledged model of retinal angiogenesis, to verify the hypothesis of β3-AR transcriptional regulation by HIF-1. Investigation of β3-AR regulation over OIR progression revealed that the expression profile of β3-AR depends on oxygen tension, similar to VEGF. The additional evidence that HIF-1α stabilization decouples β3-AR expression from oxygen levels further indicates that HIF-1 regulates the expression of the β3-AR gene in the retina. Bioinformatics predicted the presence of six HIF-1 binding sites (HBS #1-6) upstream and inside the mouse β3-AR gene. Among these, HBS #1 has been identified as the most suitable HBS for HIF-1 binding. Chromatin immunoprecipitation-qPCR demonstrated an effective binding of HIF-1 to HBS #1 indicating the existence of a physical interaction between HIF-1 and the β3-AR gene. The additional finding that β3-AR gene expression is concomitantly activated indicates the possibility that HIF-1 transactivates the β3-AR gene. Our results are indicative of β3-AR involvement in HIF-1-mediated response to hypoxia.

HIF-1-Dependent Induction of β3 Adrenoceptor: Evidence from the Mouse Retina / Amato, R.; Pisani, F.; Laudadio, E.; Cammalleri, M.; Lucchesi, M.; Marracci, S.; Filippi, L.; Galeazzi, R.; Svelto, M.; Dal Monte, M.; Bagnoli, P.. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - STAMPA. - 11:8(2022), p. 1271. [10.3390/cells11081271]

HIF-1-Dependent Induction of β3 Adrenoceptor: Evidence from the Mouse Retina

Laudadio E.;Galeazzi R.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

A major player in the homeostatic response to hypoxia is the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 that transactivates a number of genes involved in neovessel proliferation in response to low oxygen tension. In the retina, hypoxia overstimulates β-adrenoceptors (β-ARs) which play a key role in the formation of pathogenic blood vessels. Among β-ARs, β3-AR expression is increased in proliferating vessels in concomitance with increased levels of HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Whether, similarly to VEGF, hypoxia-induced β3-AR upregulation is driven by HIF-1 is still unknown. We used the mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR), an acknowledged model of retinal angiogenesis, to verify the hypothesis of β3-AR transcriptional regulation by HIF-1. Investigation of β3-AR regulation over OIR progression revealed that the expression profile of β3-AR depends on oxygen tension, similar to VEGF. The additional evidence that HIF-1α stabilization decouples β3-AR expression from oxygen levels further indicates that HIF-1 regulates the expression of the β3-AR gene in the retina. Bioinformatics predicted the presence of six HIF-1 binding sites (HBS #1-6) upstream and inside the mouse β3-AR gene. Among these, HBS #1 has been identified as the most suitable HBS for HIF-1 binding. Chromatin immunoprecipitation-qPCR demonstrated an effective binding of HIF-1 to HBS #1 indicating the existence of a physical interaction between HIF-1 and the β3-AR gene. The additional finding that β3-AR gene expression is concomitantly activated indicates the possibility that HIF-1 transactivates the β3-AR gene. Our results are indicative of β3-AR involvement in HIF-1-mediated response to hypoxia.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/299489
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