Grapevine downy mildew (GDM) is one of the most serious diseases of grapevines. Limitations to the use of copper-based products in organic agriculture according to the European Union (EU) regulation EU/2002/ 473 and the later EU Commission implementing regulation 2018/1981 have promoted a search for alternatives. This 5-year field trial evaluated the effectiveness of several strategies against GDM using different chitosan-based formulations and application rates in comparison with other natural compounds applied individually or with copper hydroxide. Trials were performed in commercial vineyards with different environmental conditions and grapevine cultivars. For the natural compounds applied as individual treatments, a 0.5%/0.8% chitosan formulation provided the best protection against GDM; the other compounds and formulations were less effective. When copper hydroxide use was halved by combining it with the natural compounds according to three different strategies, the GDM incidence, severity, and McKinney index were reduced, particularly for copper hydroxide applied in combination with the 0.5%/0.8% chitosan formulation. The 0.5%/0.8% chitosan formulation alone and with copper hydroxide provided good protection against GDM during both high-pressure and low-pressure disease seasons. Therefore, chitosan represents a good alternative to copper formulations for the control of GDM and both organic and integrated disease management.

Use of Chitosan and Other Natural Compounds Alone or in Different Strategies with Copper Hydroxide for Control of Grapevine Downy Mildew / Romanazzi, G.; Mancini, V.; Foglia, R.; Marcolini, D.; Kavari, M.; Piancatelli, S.. - In: PLANT DISEASE. - ISSN 0191-2917. - 105:10(2021), pp. 3261-3268-3268. [10.1094/PDIS-06-20-1268-RE]

Use of Chitosan and Other Natural Compounds Alone or in Different Strategies with Copper Hydroxide for Control of Grapevine Downy Mildew

Romanazzi G.
;
Mancini V.
;
Foglia R.
;
Kavari M.
;
Piancatelli S.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Grapevine downy mildew (GDM) is one of the most serious diseases of grapevines. Limitations to the use of copper-based products in organic agriculture according to the European Union (EU) regulation EU/2002/ 473 and the later EU Commission implementing regulation 2018/1981 have promoted a search for alternatives. This 5-year field trial evaluated the effectiveness of several strategies against GDM using different chitosan-based formulations and application rates in comparison with other natural compounds applied individually or with copper hydroxide. Trials were performed in commercial vineyards with different environmental conditions and grapevine cultivars. For the natural compounds applied as individual treatments, a 0.5%/0.8% chitosan formulation provided the best protection against GDM; the other compounds and formulations were less effective. When copper hydroxide use was halved by combining it with the natural compounds according to three different strategies, the GDM incidence, severity, and McKinney index were reduced, particularly for copper hydroxide applied in combination with the 0.5%/0.8% chitosan formulation. The 0.5%/0.8% chitosan formulation alone and with copper hydroxide provided good protection against GDM during both high-pressure and low-pressure disease seasons. Therefore, chitosan represents a good alternative to copper formulations for the control of GDM and both organic and integrated disease management.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/298156
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