This paper describes a novel Deep Learning method for the design of IIR parametric filters for automatic multipoint audio equalization, that is the task of improving the sound quality of a listening environment at multiple listening points employing multiple loudspeakers. The filters are designed to approximate the inverse of the RIR and achieve almost flat magnitude response. A simple and effective neural architecture, named BiasNet, is proposed to determine the IIR equalizer parameters. This novel architecture is conceived for optimization and, as such, is able to produce optimal IIR equalizer parameters at its output, after training, with no input required. In absence of input, the presence of learnable non-zero bias terms ensures that the network works properly. An output scaling method is used to obtain accurate tuning of the IIR filters center frequency, quality factor and gain. All layers involved in the proposed method are shown to be differentiable, allowing backpropagation to optimize the network weights and achieve, after a number of training iterations, the optimal output according to a given RIR. The parameters are optimized with respect to a loss function based on a spectral distance between the measured and desired magnitude response, and a regularization term is used to keep the same microphone-loudspeaker energy balance after equalization. Two experimental scenarios are employed, a room and a car cabin, with several loudspeakers. The performance of the proposed method improves over the baseline techniques and achieves an almost flat band at a lower computational cost.
Deep Optimization of Parametric IIR Filters for Audio Equalization / Pepe, G.; Gabrielli, L.; Tripodi, C.; Squartini, S.; Strozzi, N.. - In: IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH, AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING. - ISSN 2329-9290. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022). [10.1109/TASLP.2022.3155289]