Electromyography (EMG) sensors produce a stream of data at rates that can easily saturate a low-energy wireless link such as Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), especially if more than a few EMG channels are being transmitted simultaneously. Compressing data can thus be seen as a nice feature that could allow both longer battery life and more simultaneous channels at the same time. A lot of research has been done in lossy compression algorithms for EMG data, but being lossy, artifacts are inevitably introduced in the signal. Some artifacts can usually be tolerable for current applications. Nevertheless, for some research purposes and to enable future research on the collected data, that might need to exploit various and currently unforseen features that had been discarded by lossy algorithms, lossless compression of data may be very important, as it guarantees no extra artifacts are introduced on the digitized signal. The present paper aims at demonstrating the effectiveness of such approaches, investigating the performance of several algorithms and their implementation on a real EMG BLE wireless sensor node. It is demonstrated that the required bandwidth can be more than halved, even reduced to 1/4 on an average case, and if the complexity of the compressor is kept low, it also ensures significant power savings.
Energy and performance analysis of lossless compression algorithms for wireless EMG sensors / Biagetti, G.; Crippa, P.; Falaschetti, L.; Mansour, A.; Turchetti, C.. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - ELETTRONICO. - 21:15(2021), p. 5160. [10.3390/s21155160]