The Critical Raw Materials (CRMs) list has been defined based on economic importance and supply risk by the European Commission. This review paper describes two issues regarding critical raw materials: the possibilities of their substitution in iron-based alloys and the use of iron-based alloys instead of other materials in order to save CRMs. This review covers strategies for saving chromium in stainless steel, substitution or lowering the amounts of carbide-forming elements (especially tungsten and vanadium) in tool steel and alternative iron-based CRM-free and low-CRM materials: austempered ductile cast iron, high-temperature alloys based on intermetallics of iron and sintered diamond tools with an iron-containing low-cobalt binder.

Solutions of Critical Raw Materials Issues Regarding Iron-Based Alloys / Novak, P.; Bellezze, T.; Cabibbo, M.; Gamsjager, E.; Wiessner, M.; Rajnovic, D.; Jaworska, L.; Hanus, P.; Shishkin, A.; Goel, G.; Goel, S.. - In: MATERIALS. - ISSN 1996-1944. - ELETTRONICO. - 14:4(2021), pp. 899.1-899.36. [10.3390/ma14040899]

Solutions of Critical Raw Materials Issues Regarding Iron-Based Alloys

T. Bellezze
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
M. Cabibbo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
S. Goel
2021-01-01

Abstract

The Critical Raw Materials (CRMs) list has been defined based on economic importance and supply risk by the European Commission. This review paper describes two issues regarding critical raw materials: the possibilities of their substitution in iron-based alloys and the use of iron-based alloys instead of other materials in order to save CRMs. This review covers strategies for saving chromium in stainless steel, substitution or lowering the amounts of carbide-forming elements (especially tungsten and vanadium) in tool steel and alternative iron-based CRM-free and low-CRM materials: austempered ductile cast iron, high-temperature alloys based on intermetallics of iron and sintered diamond tools with an iron-containing low-cobalt binder.
2021
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Descrizione: Materials 14 (2021) 899
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/291517
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