Although the chestnut mosaic disease (ChMD) was described several decades ago, its etiology is still not elucidated. Here, using classical approaches in combination with high throughput sequencing (HTS) techniques, we identify a novel Badnavirus that is a strong etiological candidate for ChMD. Two disease sources from Italy and France were submitted to HTS-based viral indexing. Total RNAs were extracted, ribodepleted and sequenced on an Illumina NextSeq500 (2x150 or 2x 75 nt). In each source, we identified a single contig of about 7.2 kilobases that corresponds to a complete circular viral genome and shares homologies with various badnaviruses. The genomes of the two isolates have an average nucleotide identity of 90.5% with a typical badnaviral genome organization comprising three open reading frames. Phylogenetic analyses and sequence comparisons show that this virus is a novel species for which we propose the name Chestnut mosaic virus (ChMV). Using a newly developed molecular detection test, we systematically detected the virus in symptomatic graft-inoculated indicator plants (chestnut and American oak), as well in chestnut trees presenting typical ChMD symptoms in the field (100% and 87% in France and Italy surveys, respectively). Datamining of publicly available chestnut SRA transcriptomic data allowed the reconstruction of two additional complete ChMV genomes from two Castanea mollissima sources from the USA, as well as ChMV detection in C. dentata from the USA. Preliminary epidemiological studies, performed in France and in Central Eastern Italy, showed that ChMV has a high incidence in some commercial orchards, with a low within-orchard genetic diversity.

Sixty years from the first disease description, a novel badnavirus associated with chestnut mosaic disease

Murolo, Sergio
Co-primo
Conceptualization
;
Romanazzi, Gianfranco;
2021

Abstract

Although the chestnut mosaic disease (ChMD) was described several decades ago, its etiology is still not elucidated. Here, using classical approaches in combination with high throughput sequencing (HTS) techniques, we identify a novel Badnavirus that is a strong etiological candidate for ChMD. Two disease sources from Italy and France were submitted to HTS-based viral indexing. Total RNAs were extracted, ribodepleted and sequenced on an Illumina NextSeq500 (2x150 or 2x 75 nt). In each source, we identified a single contig of about 7.2 kilobases that corresponds to a complete circular viral genome and shares homologies with various badnaviruses. The genomes of the two isolates have an average nucleotide identity of 90.5% with a typical badnaviral genome organization comprising three open reading frames. Phylogenetic analyses and sequence comparisons show that this virus is a novel species for which we propose the name Chestnut mosaic virus (ChMV). Using a newly developed molecular detection test, we systematically detected the virus in symptomatic graft-inoculated indicator plants (chestnut and American oak), as well in chestnut trees presenting typical ChMD symptoms in the field (100% and 87% in France and Italy surveys, respectively). Datamining of publicly available chestnut SRA transcriptomic data allowed the reconstruction of two additional complete ChMV genomes from two Castanea mollissima sources from the USA, as well as ChMV detection in C. dentata from the USA. Preliminary epidemiological studies, performed in France and in Central Eastern Italy, showed that ChMV has a high incidence in some commercial orchards, with a low within-orchard genetic diversity.
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Descrizione: The authors thank the American Phytopathological Society Editor for permission of post-print version. 10.1094/PHYTO-09-20-0420-R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/289897
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