Based on a high-order implicit discontinuous Galerkin method, numerical simulations of a two-dimensional oscillating foil are performed to explore the origin of basic aspects of the flow such as the generation of interesting flow structures in the wake and the associated aerodynamic forces. Dimensional arguments suggest that the flow is characterized by non dimensional aerodynamic coefficients depending on the kinematics of the oscillation, such its frequency and amplitude, and on the dynamics of the flow, such as the Reynolds number. Most of the studies have concentrated their attention on the role played by the kinematic of the oscillation with less or no attention to the effect of the Reynolds number. Here, we show that this effect cannot be neglected in the study of the phenomena at the basis of the generation of lift and thrust. We found that the Reynolds number plays a fundamental role for the development of thrust by defining critical values Rec for the switch from drag to thrust conditions. It is also shown that for Re>Rec, the Reynolds number defines additional subcritical values which are at the basis of flow instabilities leading to smooth and sharp transitions of the structure of the wake and of the related aerodynamic forces. For the analysis of the behaviour of the flow, the space of phases composed by the instantaneous lift and thrust (cL,cT) is introduced. It is shown how the orbits in the (cL,cT)-space allow us for a clear understanding of the physical evolution of the flow system and of the cyclical phenomena composing it.

On the kinematics and dynamics parameters governing the flow in oscillating foils

Crivellini A.
2021

Abstract

Based on a high-order implicit discontinuous Galerkin method, numerical simulations of a two-dimensional oscillating foil are performed to explore the origin of basic aspects of the flow such as the generation of interesting flow structures in the wake and the associated aerodynamic forces. Dimensional arguments suggest that the flow is characterized by non dimensional aerodynamic coefficients depending on the kinematics of the oscillation, such its frequency and amplitude, and on the dynamics of the flow, such as the Reynolds number. Most of the studies have concentrated their attention on the role played by the kinematic of the oscillation with less or no attention to the effect of the Reynolds number. Here, we show that this effect cannot be neglected in the study of the phenomena at the basis of the generation of lift and thrust. We found that the Reynolds number plays a fundamental role for the development of thrust by defining critical values Rec for the switch from drag to thrust conditions. It is also shown that for Re>Rec, the Reynolds number defines additional subcritical values which are at the basis of flow instabilities leading to smooth and sharp transitions of the structure of the wake and of the related aerodynamic forces. For the analysis of the behaviour of the flow, the space of phases composed by the instantaneous lift and thrust (cL,cT) is introduced. It is shown how the orbits in the (cL,cT)-space allow us for a clear understanding of the physical evolution of the flow system and of the cyclical phenomena composing it.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/289804
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