This article presents a fault diagnosis algorithm for rotating machinery based on the Wasserstein distance. Recently, the Wasserstein distance has been proposed as a new research direction to find better distribution mapping when compared with other popular statistical distances and divergences. In this work, first, frequency- and time-based features are extracted by vibration signals, and second, the Wasserstein distance is considered for the learning phase to discriminate the different machine operating conditions. Specifically, the 1-D Wasserstein distance is considered due to its low computational burden because it can be evaluated directly by the order statistics of the extracted features. Furthermore, a distance weighting stage based on neighborhood component features selection (NCFS) is exploited to achieve robust fault diagnosis at low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions and with high-dimensional features. In detail, the NCFS framework is here adapted to weight 1-D Wasserstein distances evaluated from time/frequency features. Experiments are conducted on two benchmark data sets to verify the effectiveness of the proposed fault diagnosis method at different SNR conditions. The comparison with state-of-the-art fault diagnosis algorithms shows promising results.
Fault Diagnosis of Rotating Machinery Based on Wasserstein Distance and Feature Selection / Ferracuti, F.; Freddi, A.; Monteriu', A.; Romeo, L.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1545-5955. - (2021), pp. 1-11. [10.1109/TASE.2021.3069109]