Myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) is defined by the evidence of spontaneous acute myocardial infarction (MI) and angiographic exclusion of coronary stenoses ≥50% in any potential infarct related artery, after having ruled out other clinically overt causes for the acute presentation. The introduction of this new concept was meant to encourage discovery of putative pathophysiological mechanisms and development of specific therapeutic measures. In recent years, we have witnessed significant advances in the fields of epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, prognosis estimation and therapeutics of MINOCA. So far, however, the definition of MINOCA has been rather heterogeneous since specific cardiac conditions such as myocarditis and Takotsubo syndrome have often been included, generating conflicting results. In this review, we summarize the current state-of-the-art in the expanding MINOCA field and propose a comprehensive stepwise approach for the rational diagnostic assessment of these challenging patients. Our aim is to provide clinicians with an "Ariadne's thread" according to the recent fourth universal definition of MI in order to not get lost in MINOCA's labyrinth.

Myocardial Infarction Without Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease (MINOCA): A Practical Guide for Clinicians

Ciliberti, Giuseppe;Compagnucci, Paolo;Urbinati, Alessia;Stronati, Giulia;Lattanzi, Simona;Dello Russo, Antonio;Guerra, Federico
2020-01-01

Abstract

Myocardial infarction without obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA) is defined by the evidence of spontaneous acute myocardial infarction (MI) and angiographic exclusion of coronary stenoses ≥50% in any potential infarct related artery, after having ruled out other clinically overt causes for the acute presentation. The introduction of this new concept was meant to encourage discovery of putative pathophysiological mechanisms and development of specific therapeutic measures. In recent years, we have witnessed significant advances in the fields of epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, prognosis estimation and therapeutics of MINOCA. So far, however, the definition of MINOCA has been rather heterogeneous since specific cardiac conditions such as myocarditis and Takotsubo syndrome have often been included, generating conflicting results. In this review, we summarize the current state-of-the-art in the expanding MINOCA field and propose a comprehensive stepwise approach for the rational diagnostic assessment of these challenging patients. Our aim is to provide clinicians with an "Ariadne's thread" according to the recent fourth universal definition of MI in order to not get lost in MINOCA's labyrinth.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/286203
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact