Purpose: This research investigates the top five pharmaceutical companies in India to determine whether their financial structures are sound and if they face the risk of bankruptcy, highlighting the potential contribution of intellectual capital (IC) to financial stability. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis outlines operating ratios, profitability ratios, possibility of bankruptcy (through Z-scores) and attractiveness of the financial structure (through the F-score), with consequent focus on (IC). Findings: The financial structure of the selected companies seems stable. Changes in the Indian pharmaceutical scenario, above all, regarding the patent system, will force the companies to consider the impact of IC carefully. Practical implications: Indian pharmaceutical companies need sustainability and development, with increasing focus on patent issues. To enhance innovation capabilities and overcome international competition, they should redesign their business orientation towards IC, mainly when impacting patents. Originality/value: Using established approaches for predicting potential bankruptcy, this study focuses on the financial performance of top Indian pharmaceutical companies. IC can support financial stability, and this study provides further perspectives for managing their financial structure, both statically and dynamically.
The contribution of intellectual capital to financial stability in Indian pharmaceutical companies / Festa, G.; Rossi, M.; Kolte, A.; Marinelli, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL. - ISSN 1469-1930. - ELETTRONICO. - 22:2(2021), pp. 337-359. [10.1108/JIC-03-2020-0091]