The brewing value of hops is mainly affected by the content and composition of humulones (α-acids) and essential oil. Interest in hop plantations is increasing more and more in Italy, in parallel with the rising number of microbreweries and brewpubs, which are strongly oriented towards local production chains. In this context, a selection of 15 international hop varieties were grown, under the same conditions, in an experimental field in the Marche region, Central Italy, with the aim of assessing their suitability for beer production. A multivariate analysis approach to experimental data showed a high content of α- and β-acids and myrcene in the Centennial, Brewer's Gold, Sterling, Cascade, Nugget, and Columbus varieties; a consistently lower percentages of humulones and a predominance of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons in the cultivars Mount Hood, Northern Brewer, Northdown, Galena, Willamette, and Fuggle; and a desirable high α-acids content and a sesquiterpene-type aroma in cultivars Chinook, Yeoman, and Hallertau. Further studies are needed to assess the environmental adaptability and the yield performance of hop plants in the pedoclimatic conditions of the Central Italy hills.

Brewing quality of hop varieties cultivated in central Italy based on multivolatile fingerprinting and bitter acid content

Mozzon M.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Foligni R.
Secondo
;
Mannozzi C.
2020

Abstract

The brewing value of hops is mainly affected by the content and composition of humulones (α-acids) and essential oil. Interest in hop plantations is increasing more and more in Italy, in parallel with the rising number of microbreweries and brewpubs, which are strongly oriented towards local production chains. In this context, a selection of 15 international hop varieties were grown, under the same conditions, in an experimental field in the Marche region, Central Italy, with the aim of assessing their suitability for beer production. A multivariate analysis approach to experimental data showed a high content of α- and β-acids and myrcene in the Centennial, Brewer's Gold, Sterling, Cascade, Nugget, and Columbus varieties; a consistently lower percentages of humulones and a predominance of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons in the cultivars Mount Hood, Northern Brewer, Northdown, Galena, Willamette, and Fuggle; and a desirable high α-acids content and a sesquiterpene-type aroma in cultivars Chinook, Yeoman, and Hallertau. Further studies are needed to assess the environmental adaptability and the yield performance of hop plants in the pedoclimatic conditions of the Central Italy hills.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/282384
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