Cardiovascular computer tomography (CT) in pediatric congenital heart disease (CHD) patients is often challenging. This might be due to limited patient cooperation, the high heart rate, the complexity and variety of diseases and the need for radiation dose minimization. The recent developments in CT technology with the introduction of the third-generation dual-source (DS) dual-energy (DE) CT scanners well suited to respond to these challenges. DSCT is characterized by high-pitch, long anatomic coverage and a more flexible electrocardiogram-synchronized scan. DE provides additional clinical information about vascular structures, myocardial and lung perfusion and allows artifacts reduction. These advances have increased clinical indications and modified CT protocol for pediatric CHD patients. In our hospital, DSCT with DE technology has rapidly become an important imaging technique for both pre- and postoperative management of pediatric patients with CHDs. The aim of this article is to describe the state-of-the-art in DSCT protocol with DE technology in pediatric CHD patients, providing some case examples of our experience over an 18-month period.
Third-generation dual-source dual-energy CT in pediatric congenital heart disease patients: state-of-the-art / Schicchi, N.; Fogante, Marco; Esposto, Pirani; Agliata, G; Basile, M; Oliva, M; Agostini, A.; Giovagnoni, A.. - In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA. - ISSN 0033-8362. - STAMPA. - 124:12(2019), pp. 1238-1252. [10.1007/s11547-019-01097-7]