Objective: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is one of the most frequent neurosurgical conditions in people aging between 70 and 80 years. The cranial burr-hole (CBH) with surgical cavity irrigation through the burr hole and closed drainage system is the treatment of choice but -post-operative outcome can be influenced by pneumocephalus. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship between the anterior-posterior (AP) burrhole position and the volume of post-operative pneumocephalus. Patients and Methods: We identified 153 consecutive patients who underwent BHC for CSDH at our institution. Baseline and post-operative data were retrospectively collected from medical records. The linear regression model was used to estimate the association between the volume of post-operative subdural air collection and burr-hole position along with other baseline patients and hematoma variables. Results: The AP position of the burr-hole was independently associated with the volume of post-operative pneumocephalus: lower volume of subdural air was observed in patients with more anterior cranial burr-hole. Conclusions: In patients operated for CSDH, the cranial burr-hole should be performed anteriorly to grant a lesser amount of subdural post-operative air collection.
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