Breast cancer is the most frequent tumor in women. The recent advent of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors palbociclib and ribociclib has represented a major step forward for patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. These two agents have showed similar efficacy in terms of breast cancer outcome but different cardiotoxic effects. In particular, ribociclib, but not palbociclib, has been associated with QT interval prolongation, and the mechanisms underlying this event are still unclear. In order to clarify such difference, we matched the candidate genes associated with QT interval prolongation with genes whose expression is altered following palbociclib or ribociclib treatment. We also investigated whether pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics, such as IC50 (hERG) [concentration of drug producing 50% inhibition (human ether-à-go-go related gene)] and maximum concentration (Cmax), could justify the different effects on QT interval prolongation. Our results show that ribociclib, but not palbociclib, could act by down-regulating the expression of KCNH2 (encoding for potassium channel hERG) and up-regulating SCN5A and SNTA1 (encoding for sodium channels Nav1.5 and syntrophin-α1, respectively), three genes associated with long QT syndrome. Consistent with the cardiotoxicity induced by ribociclib, its IC50 (hERG)/free concentration (Cmax free) ratio is closer to the safety threshold than that of palbociclib. In summary, we hypothesize that the different cardiotoxicity associated with ribociclib and palbociclib could be due to the alteration of potassium and sodium channels induced by ribociclib. A better comprehension of the mechanisms of cardiac channelopathies and drug-induced QT interval prolongation will be fundamental to avoid serious and potentially lethal adverse events and, as a consequence, optimize the management of breast cancer patients.

Different Cardiotoxicity of Palbociclib and Ribociclib in Breast Cancer: Gene Expression and Pharmacological Data Analyses, Biological Basis, and Therapeutic Implications / Santoni, M.; Occhipinti, G.; Romagnoli, E.; Miccini, F.; Scoccia, L.; Giulietti, M.; Principato, G.; Saladino, T.; Piva, F.; Battelli, N.. - In: BIODRUGS. - ISSN 1173-8804. - STAMPA. - 33:6(2019), pp. 613-620. [10.1007/s40259-019-00382-1]

Different Cardiotoxicity of Palbociclib and Ribociclib in Breast Cancer: Gene Expression and Pharmacological Data Analyses, Biological Basis, and Therapeutic Implications

Occhipinti G.;Giulietti M.;Principato G.;Piva F.
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most frequent tumor in women. The recent advent of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors palbociclib and ribociclib has represented a major step forward for patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. These two agents have showed similar efficacy in terms of breast cancer outcome but different cardiotoxic effects. In particular, ribociclib, but not palbociclib, has been associated with QT interval prolongation, and the mechanisms underlying this event are still unclear. In order to clarify such difference, we matched the candidate genes associated with QT interval prolongation with genes whose expression is altered following palbociclib or ribociclib treatment. We also investigated whether pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics, such as IC50 (hERG) [concentration of drug producing 50% inhibition (human ether-à-go-go related gene)] and maximum concentration (Cmax), could justify the different effects on QT interval prolongation. Our results show that ribociclib, but not palbociclib, could act by down-regulating the expression of KCNH2 (encoding for potassium channel hERG) and up-regulating SCN5A and SNTA1 (encoding for sodium channels Nav1.5 and syntrophin-α1, respectively), three genes associated with long QT syndrome. Consistent with the cardiotoxicity induced by ribociclib, its IC50 (hERG)/free concentration (Cmax free) ratio is closer to the safety threshold than that of palbociclib. In summary, we hypothesize that the different cardiotoxicity associated with ribociclib and palbociclib could be due to the alteration of potassium and sodium channels induced by ribociclib. A better comprehension of the mechanisms of cardiac channelopathies and drug-induced QT interval prolongation will be fundamental to avoid serious and potentially lethal adverse events and, as a consequence, optimize the management of breast cancer patients.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/277181
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