Iterative decoders used for decoding low-density parity-check (LDPC) and moderate-density parity-check (MDPC) codes are not characterized by a deterministic decoding radius and their error rate performance is usually assessed through intensive Monte Carlo simulations. However, several applications, like code-based cryptography, need guaranteed low values of the error rate, which are infeasible to assess through simulations, thus requiring the development of theoretical models for the error rate of these codes. Some models of this type already exist, but become computationally intractable for parameters of practical interest. Other approaches approximate the code ensemble behaviour through assumptions, which may not hold true for a specific code. We propose a theoretical analysis of the error correction capability of LDPC and MDPC codes that allows deriving tight bounds on the error rate at the output of parallel bit-flipping decoders. Special attention is devoted to the case of codes with small girth. Single-iteration decoding is investigated through a rigorous approach, which does not require any assumption and results in a guaranteed error correction capability for any single code. We show an example of application of the new bound to the context of code-based cryptography, where guaranteed error rates are needed to achieve strong security levels.
Analysis of the error correction capability of LDPC and MDPC codes under parallel bit-flipping decoding and application to cryptography / Santini, P.; Battaglioni, M.; Baldi, M.; Chiaraluce, F.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 0090-6778. - ELETTRONICO. - 68:8(2020), pp. 4648-4660. [10.1109/TCOMM.2020.2987898]