Background: The human activity monitoring technology is one of the most important technologies for ambient assisted living, surveillance-based security, sport and fitness activities, healthcare of elderly people. The activity monitoring is performed in two steps: the acquisition of body signals and the classification of activities being performed. This paper presents a low-cost wearable wireless system specifically designed to acquire surface electromyography (sEMG) and accelerometer signals for monitoring the human activity when performing sport and fitness activities, as well as in healthcare applications. Results: The proposed system consists of several ultralight wireless sensing nodes that are able to acquire, process and efficiently transmit the motion-related (biological and accelerometer) body signals to one or more base stations through a 2.4 GHz radio link using an ad-hoc communication protocol designed on top of the IEEE 802.15.4 physical layer. A user interface software for viewing, recording, and analysing the data was implemented on a control personal computer that is connected through a USB link to the base stations. To demonstrate the capability of the system of detecting the user's activity, data recorded from a few subjects were used to train and test an automatic classifier for recognizing the type of exercise being performed. The system was tested on four different exercises performed by three people, the automatic classifier achieved an overall accuracy of 85.7% combining the features extracted from acceleration and sEMG signals. Conclusions: A low cost wireless system for the acquisition of sEMG and accelerometer signals has been presented for healthcare and fitness applications. The system consists of wearable sensing nodes that wirelessly transmit the biological and accelerometer signals to one or more base stations. The signals so acquired will be combined and processed in order to detect, monitor and recognize human activities.
Human activity monitoring system based on wearable sEMG and accelerometer wireless sensor nodes / Biagetti, Giorgio; Crippa, Paolo; Falaschetti, Laura; Orcioni, Simone; Turchetti, Claudio. - In: BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING ONLINE. - ISSN 1475-925X. - ELETTRONICO. - 17:S1(2018), pp. 63-80. [10.1186/s12938-018-0567-4]