In Italy the main difference between apprentices and other types of temporary workers is that apprentices must receive firm-provided training. The firm incentive in hiring apprentices consists in paying lower wages and labour taxes. Using an Italian administrative dataset containing information on the jobs started between January 2009 and June 2012, we estimate the effect of apprenticeship on the hazard function to a permanent job. Identification is based on a regression discontinuity design. We find that, for 29-year-old workers, apprenticeships are “long entrance halls” towards permanent contracts, especially within the firm where the apprenticeship is performed.
Does apprenticeship improve job opportunities? A regression discontinuity approach / Picchio, Matteo; Staffolani, Stefano. - In: EMPIRICAL ECONOMICS. - ISSN 0377-7332. - ELETTRONICO. - 56:1(2019), pp. 23-60. [10.1007/s00181-017-1350-2]