Grapevine downy mildew (GDM) is one of the most serious diseases of grapevines. With limitations in the use of copper-based products imposed for organic agriculture by the European Union, research for alternatives is encouraged. The aim of this research was to follow a 2-year trial to evaluate the control of GDM using some alternative compounds, and to determine their effects on shoot growth, plant photosynthesis, and grape quality and quantity. Under low disease pressure, Bordeaux mixture, copper hydroxide, laminarin combined with low copper, and 0.5 and 0.8% chitosan had the lowest GDM incidence, reduced on leaves by 96, 95, 75, 56, and 81%, respectively, compared with the untreated control in the last survey. With high disease pressure, Bordeaux mixture, laminarin combined with Saccharomyces extracts, and 0.5 and 0.8% chitosan had the lowestGDMincidence, reduced on grape by 86, 37, 66, and 75%, respectively, compared with the untreated control in the survey of mid-July. Chitosan at 0.8% lowered net photosynthesis, due to reduced stomatal conductance, leaf area, and dry weight, with no negative effects observed on the quantity of the grape berries and the quality parameters of their juice. Among the alternatives to copper, chitosan provided the best GDM protection and reduced the vigor of the vegetation, inducing physiological changes without negative effects on grape production.

Impact of alternative fungicides on grape downy mildew control and vine growth and development / Romanazzi, Gianfranco; Mancini, Valeria; Feliziani, Erica; Servili, Andrea; Endeshaw, Solomon Tadesse; Neri, Davide. - In: PLANT DISEASE. - ISSN 0191-2917. - STAMPA. - 100:(2016), pp. 739-748. [10.1094/PDIS-05-15-0564-RE]

Impact of alternative fungicides on grape downy mildew control and vine growth and development

ROMANAZZI, GIANFRANCO
;
MANCINI, Valeria;FELIZIANI, ERICA;SERVILI, ANDREA;ENDESHAW, Solomon Tadesse;NERI, Davide
2016-01-01

Abstract

Grapevine downy mildew (GDM) is one of the most serious diseases of grapevines. With limitations in the use of copper-based products imposed for organic agriculture by the European Union, research for alternatives is encouraged. The aim of this research was to follow a 2-year trial to evaluate the control of GDM using some alternative compounds, and to determine their effects on shoot growth, plant photosynthesis, and grape quality and quantity. Under low disease pressure, Bordeaux mixture, copper hydroxide, laminarin combined with low copper, and 0.5 and 0.8% chitosan had the lowest GDM incidence, reduced on leaves by 96, 95, 75, 56, and 81%, respectively, compared with the untreated control in the last survey. With high disease pressure, Bordeaux mixture, laminarin combined with Saccharomyces extracts, and 0.5 and 0.8% chitosan had the lowestGDMincidence, reduced on grape by 86, 37, 66, and 75%, respectively, compared with the untreated control in the survey of mid-July. Chitosan at 0.8% lowered net photosynthesis, due to reduced stomatal conductance, leaf area, and dry weight, with no negative effects observed on the quantity of the grape berries and the quality parameters of their juice. Among the alternatives to copper, chitosan provided the best GDM protection and reduced the vigor of the vegetation, inducing physiological changes without negative effects on grape production.
2016
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/249007
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 55
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 42
social impact