BACKGROUND: Phytosterols in vegetable oil (VO)-based lipid emulsions (LE) likely contribute to parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) in preterm infants. No characterization of plasma phytosterol half-lives has been done in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) with LE. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 45 VLBW preterm infants who received PN underwent serial blood sample measurements of sitosterol (SITO), campesterol (CAMP), and stigmasterol (STIGM). Plasma phytosterol half-lives were calculated from the phytosterol concentrations-decay curves by using a single-compartment model. RESULTS: After the stop of the intravenous LE, study infants had significantly lower plasma total CAMP, STIGM and SITO concentrations. The decay of plasma phytosterol concentrations was monoexponential. Half-life of plasma total CAMP, STIGM and SITO was 13.5 ± 6.9, 10.3 ± 4.5 and 10.3 ± 4.0 days, respectively. Plasma phytosterol half-lives did not correlate with gestational age, birth weight, cumulative phytosterol intakes and plasma conjugated bilirubin. CONCLUSION: VLBW preterm infants on PN with LE had rather long plasma phytosterol half-lives similar to hypercholesterolemic adults and phytosterolemic homozygotes patients. We speculate that the accumulation of phytosterols could contribute to their vulnerability to PNAC.

Half-life of plasma phytosterols in very low birth weight preterm infants on routine parenteral nutrition with vegetable oil-based lipid emulsions

CORREANI, ALESSIO;CARNIELLI, VIRGILIO
2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Phytosterols in vegetable oil (VO)-based lipid emulsions (LE) likely contribute to parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) in preterm infants. No characterization of plasma phytosterol half-lives has been done in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) with LE. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 45 VLBW preterm infants who received PN underwent serial blood sample measurements of sitosterol (SITO), campesterol (CAMP), and stigmasterol (STIGM). Plasma phytosterol half-lives were calculated from the phytosterol concentrations-decay curves by using a single-compartment model. RESULTS: After the stop of the intravenous LE, study infants had significantly lower plasma total CAMP, STIGM and SITO concentrations. The decay of plasma phytosterol concentrations was monoexponential. Half-life of plasma total CAMP, STIGM and SITO was 13.5 ± 6.9, 10.3 ± 4.5 and 10.3 ± 4.0 days, respectively. Plasma phytosterol half-lives did not correlate with gestational age, birth weight, cumulative phytosterol intakes and plasma conjugated bilirubin. CONCLUSION: VLBW preterm infants on PN with LE had rather long plasma phytosterol half-lives similar to hypercholesterolemic adults and phytosterolemic homozygotes patients. We speculate that the accumulation of phytosterols could contribute to their vulnerability to PNAC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11566/245842
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