The role of vascular factors in influencing cognitive decline has been extensively investigated, and some difficulties in defining their weight in dementia pathogenesis have emerged. The aim of the study was to investigate the relevance of the Framingham cardiovascular risk profile (FCRP) in influencing cognitive deterioration in a population of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Two hundred eighty-four consecutive AD patients were enrolled. For each patient, FCRP score was calculated. We did a 1-year follow-up to quantify the cognitive decline by recording changes in the Clinical Dementia Rating score. The FCRP score predicted cognitive deterioration with an area under the curve of 0.63 (95% confidence interval: 0.57-0.69; p < 0.0001). In the subpopulation of patients with a genetic increased predisposition to develop cognitive deterioration and with an advanced vascular impairment, the FCRP predictive value significantly increased with an area under the curve of 0.77 (95% confidence interval: 0.52-0.93; p < 0.05). Our findings show that FCRP can predict the progression of deterioration in AD patients. This was particularly evident in patients with major genetic and atherosclerotic risk factors.
Framingham risk score can predict cognitive decline progression in Alzheimer's disease / Viticchi, G; Falsetti, L; Buratti, Laura; Boria, C; Luzzi, Simona; Bartolini, Marco; Provinciali, Leandro; Silvestrini, Mauro. - In: NEUROBIOLOGY OF AGING. - ISSN 0197-4580. - STAMPA. - 36:11(2015), pp. 2940-2945. [10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2015.07.023]