Background: Diagnostic delay is a recognized drawback for a correct management of migraine patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship among number and type of examinations performed and diagnostic delay in migraine diagnosis. Methods: We enrolled 500 subjects referred to our Headache Center for a migraine without aura. We analyzed the relationship among diagnostic delay, number of examinations performed and performance of each single test by a Cox regression model and an ordinal logistic regression model. Results: Each individual exam increased a diagnostic delay of at least 12 months (p < 0.05, Cox regression model). Brain CT as the first diagnostic approach had a reduced risk of delay of more than 5 years (OR 0.632, 95% CI 0.71-0.56, p < 0.05, ordinal regression model). Conclusions: The number of instrumental examinations seems to significantly influence the diagnostic delay. This aspect contributes to increase health care costs, the risk of pain chronicization and pharmacological treatment misuse.
Instrumental exams performance can be a contributing factor to the delay in diagnosis of migraine / Viticchi, G; Bartolini, Marco; Falsetti, L; Dolcini, Jacopo; Cerqua, R; Luzzi, Simona; Provinciali, Leandro; Silvestrini, Mauro. - In: EUROPEAN NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0014-3022. - STAMPA. - 71:3-4(2014), pp. 120-125. [10.1159/000354164]