Advanced donor age is a risk factor for poor outcome in liver transplantation (LT). We reviewed 553 consecutive transplants according to donor age categories [group 1 (n = 173): <50 years; group 2 (n = 96): 50-59 years; group 3 (n = 132): 60-69 years; group 4 (n = 111): 70-79 years; group 5 (n = 41): > or =80 years]. Clinical parameters were comparable between groups. Group 5 had the highest proportion of pretransplant liver biopsy (85%), with only 1 graft showing macrovesicular steatosis > 30%, and the lowest ischemia time. Five-year graft survival was significantly higher in group 1 (75%) versus groups 3 (60%) and 4 (62%; P = 0.01 and P = 0.001, respectively) and in group 5 (81%) versus groups 3 and 4 (P = 0.04 and P = 0.01, respectively). Donor age of 60-79 years, recipient hepatitis C virus-positive status, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score > or = 25, and emergency LT were predictors of poor survival. In hepatitis C virus-positive patients, 5-year graft survival was 72% in group 1, 85% in group 2, 52% in group 3, 65% in group 4, and 71% in group 5 (group 1 versus group 3, P = 0.04; group 2 versus group 3, P = 0.03). In conclusion, older donor grafts managed with routine graft biopsy and short ischemia time may work effectively, regardless of the severity of the recipient's liver disease.

Improving the outcome of liver transplantation with very old donors with updated selection and management criteria

VIVARELLI, MARCO;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Advanced donor age is a risk factor for poor outcome in liver transplantation (LT). We reviewed 553 consecutive transplants according to donor age categories [group 1 (n = 173): <50 years; group 2 (n = 96): 50-59 years; group 3 (n = 132): 60-69 years; group 4 (n = 111): 70-79 years; group 5 (n = 41): > or =80 years]. Clinical parameters were comparable between groups. Group 5 had the highest proportion of pretransplant liver biopsy (85%), with only 1 graft showing macrovesicular steatosis > 30%, and the lowest ischemia time. Five-year graft survival was significantly higher in group 1 (75%) versus groups 3 (60%) and 4 (62%; P = 0.01 and P = 0.001, respectively) and in group 5 (81%) versus groups 3 and 4 (P = 0.04 and P = 0.01, respectively). Donor age of 60-79 years, recipient hepatitis C virus-positive status, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score > or = 25, and emergency LT were predictors of poor survival. In hepatitis C virus-positive patients, 5-year graft survival was 72% in group 1, 85% in group 2, 52% in group 3, 65% in group 4, and 71% in group 5 (group 1 versus group 3, P = 0.04; group 2 versus group 3, P = 0.03). In conclusion, older donor grafts managed with routine graft biopsy and short ischemia time may work effectively, regardless of the severity of the recipient's liver disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/84809
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