The paper presents a beam finite element for the long-term analysis of steel-concrete composite decks taking into account the shear lag in the slab and the partial shear interaction at the slab-girder interface. Using the displacement approach, beam kinematics is developed from the Newmark model for composite beams with partial shear connection: warping of the slab cross section is caught with the product of an established function which describes the warping shape, and an intensity function that measures the warping magnitude along the beam axis. Time-dependent behaviour is considered through an integral-type viscoelastic creep law for the concrete. The numerical solution is obtained by means of the finite element method and a step-by-step procedure for evolution in time. A refined, locking free, 13-dof beam finite element is derived considering second and third order hermitian polynomials in order to ensure consistent interpolation of the displacements. The convergence test results and comparisons with the experimental results of composite beams subjected to sustained loads demonstrate the precision of the proposed method. Further applications to realistic cases show the accuracy of the proposed element and its ability to describe the elastic and the time-dependent behaviour of bridge composite decks. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

A beam finite element including shear lag effect for the time-dependent analysis of steel-concrete composite decks / Gara, Fabrizio; G., Leoni; Dezi, Luigino. - In: ENGINEERING STRUCTURES. - ISSN 0141-0296. - 31:(2009), pp. 1888-1902. [10.1016/j.engstruct.2009.03.017]

A beam finite element including shear lag effect for the time-dependent analysis of steel-concrete composite decks

GARA, Fabrizio
;
DEZI, LUIGINO
2009-01-01

Abstract

The paper presents a beam finite element for the long-term analysis of steel-concrete composite decks taking into account the shear lag in the slab and the partial shear interaction at the slab-girder interface. Using the displacement approach, beam kinematics is developed from the Newmark model for composite beams with partial shear connection: warping of the slab cross section is caught with the product of an established function which describes the warping shape, and an intensity function that measures the warping magnitude along the beam axis. Time-dependent behaviour is considered through an integral-type viscoelastic creep law for the concrete. The numerical solution is obtained by means of the finite element method and a step-by-step procedure for evolution in time. A refined, locking free, 13-dof beam finite element is derived considering second and third order hermitian polynomials in order to ensure consistent interpolation of the displacements. The convergence test results and comparisons with the experimental results of composite beams subjected to sustained loads demonstrate the precision of the proposed method. Further applications to realistic cases show the accuracy of the proposed element and its ability to describe the elastic and the time-dependent behaviour of bridge composite decks. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2009
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/75130
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