In this paper, we present the design of nanostructured multilayer absorbers, carried out with the aid of a genetic algorithm (GA). Waveguide measurements are performed to recover the dielectric properties of micrographite single-walled carbon nanotube, micrographite walled carbon nanotube, carbon nanofiber, and fullerene-based composite materials. Conductive fillers are uniformly dispersed in an epoxy resin at different weight percentages (1, 3, 5 wt.\%). The electromagnetic (EM) analysis is performed embedding the forward/backward propagation matrix formalism in an in-house GA, thus able to carry out optimization upon oblique incidence over a finite angular range. Developed code minimizes both the reflection and the transmission coefficients under the thickness minimization constraint. Comparison between micrographite and nanopowders absorbers is presented and discussed, when a broadband quasi-perfect absorber is achieved among the $X$-band combining the two filler families, i.e., exhibiting a loss factor greater than 90\% in most of the band, for a thickness of about 1 cm. It is demonstrated that the nanofillers with higher aspect ratio mainly contribute to the EM absorption. Findings are of interest in both radar-absorbing material and shielding structures.

Broadband Electromagnetic Absorbers using Carbon Nanostructure-Based Composites

GRADONI, GABRIELE;MARIANI PRIMIANI, Valter;MOGLIE, FRANCO
2011-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, we present the design of nanostructured multilayer absorbers, carried out with the aid of a genetic algorithm (GA). Waveguide measurements are performed to recover the dielectric properties of micrographite single-walled carbon nanotube, micrographite walled carbon nanotube, carbon nanofiber, and fullerene-based composite materials. Conductive fillers are uniformly dispersed in an epoxy resin at different weight percentages (1, 3, 5 wt.\%). The electromagnetic (EM) analysis is performed embedding the forward/backward propagation matrix formalism in an in-house GA, thus able to carry out optimization upon oblique incidence over a finite angular range. Developed code minimizes both the reflection and the transmission coefficients under the thickness minimization constraint. Comparison between micrographite and nanopowders absorbers is presented and discussed, when a broadband quasi-perfect absorber is achieved among the $X$-band combining the two filler families, i.e., exhibiting a loss factor greater than 90\% in most of the band, for a thickness of about 1 cm. It is demonstrated that the nanofillers with higher aspect ratio mainly contribute to the EM absorption. Findings are of interest in both radar-absorbing material and shielding structures.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/62796
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