Screening US and CT for blunt abdominal trauma: A retrospective study * Giuseppetti Gian MarcoCorresponding author contact information, E-mail the corresponding author, * Salera Diego, * Argalia Giulio, * Salvolini Luca * Institute of Radiology, Polytechnic University of Marche Medical School, Umberto I Hospital, Ancona, Italy * Received 20 October 2004. Revised 31 January 2005. Accepted 1 February 2005. Available online 5 March 2005. * http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2005.02.001, How to Cite or Link Using DOI * Cited by in Scopus (14) * Permissions & Reprints Abstract Objective: To assess the accuracy of screening US and CT in patients with blunt abdominal trauma admitted to the trauma centre of our General Hospital. Materials and method: The abdominal US reports of 864 primary trauma patients (139 with major and 725 with minor injuries) and 162 CT reports of a subgroup of the same subjects (64 with major and 98 with minor injuries) were reviewed and compared to the best available reference standard. The accuracy of screening US was assessed by evaluating its overall ability to distinguish negative from positive cases by showing at least one of the lesions documented by the reference standard and its specific ability to depict all lesions; CT reports were evaluated only for the method's performance in depicting all lesions. Results: Screening US exhibited a satisfactory overall ability to distinguish negative from positive patients (91.5% sensitivity and 97.5% specificity in major trauma patients versus 73.3% sensitivity and 98.1% specificity in the minor trauma group) and a satisfactory specific ability to depict all injuries in major trauma patients. In minor trauma cases sensitivity was satisfactory for free fluid but unsatisfactory for organ injuries. Of the 21/864 false negative reports (5 in patients with major and 16 in cases with minor traumas), only one affected patient management, a major trauma case, by delaying an emergency laparotomy. The performance of CT in detecting each single lesion was predictably excellent in both patient groups. Conclusion: Its satisfactory accuracy for major trauma suggests that US could be employed not only to screen cases for emergency laparotomy but also as an alternative to CT. However, since major traumatic injuries generally carry an imperative indication for CT, especially as regards neurological, thoracic and skeletal evaluation, US should be employed to perform a prompt preliminary examination using a simplified technique in the emergency room simultaneously with resuscitation. Keywords * Emergency screening US; * Blunt abdominal trauma; * Emergency radiology
Screening US and CT for blunt abdominal trauma: A retrospective study / Giuseppetti, Gm; Salera, D; Argalia, G; Salvolini, Luca. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0720-048X. - (2005).