PGC1β is a transcriptional coactivator that potently stimulates mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration of cells. Here, we have generated mice lacking exons 3 to 4 of the Pgc1β gene (PGC1β E3,4-/E3,4- mice). These mice express a mutant protein that has reduced coactivation activity on a subset of transcription factors, including ERRα, a major target of PGC1β in the induction of mitochondrial gene expression. The mutant mice have reduced expression of OXPHOS genes and mitochondrial dysfunction in liver and skeletal muscle as well as elevated liver triglycerides. Euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp and insulin signaling studies show that PGC1β mutant mice have normal skeletal muscle response to insulin, but have hepatic insulin resistance. These results demonstrate that PGC1β is required for normal expression of OXPHOS genes and mitochondrial function in liver and skeletal muscle. Importantly, these abnormalities do not cause insulin resistance in skeletal muscle but cause substantially reduced insulin action in the liver.

Hypomorphic Mutation in PGC1β causes mitochondrial dysfunction and liver insulin resistance / Vianna, Cr; Huntgeburth, M; Coppari, Roberto; Choi, Cs; Lin, J; Krauss, S; Barbatelli, Giorgio; Tzameli, I; Kim, Y. B.; Cinti, Saverio; Shulman, Gi; Spiegelman, Bm; Lowell, Bb. - In: CELL METABOLISM. - ISSN 1550-4131. - 4:(2006), pp. 453-464.

Hypomorphic Mutation in PGC1β causes mitochondrial dysfunction and liver insulin resistance

COPPARI, ROBERTO;BARBATELLI, Giorgio;CINTI, Saverio;
2006-01-01

Abstract

PGC1β is a transcriptional coactivator that potently stimulates mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration of cells. Here, we have generated mice lacking exons 3 to 4 of the Pgc1β gene (PGC1β E3,4-/E3,4- mice). These mice express a mutant protein that has reduced coactivation activity on a subset of transcription factors, including ERRα, a major target of PGC1β in the induction of mitochondrial gene expression. The mutant mice have reduced expression of OXPHOS genes and mitochondrial dysfunction in liver and skeletal muscle as well as elevated liver triglycerides. Euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp and insulin signaling studies show that PGC1β mutant mice have normal skeletal muscle response to insulin, but have hepatic insulin resistance. These results demonstrate that PGC1β is required for normal expression of OXPHOS genes and mitochondrial function in liver and skeletal muscle. Importantly, these abnormalities do not cause insulin resistance in skeletal muscle but cause substantially reduced insulin action in the liver.
2006
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11566/53435
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