Residual internal stresses in PbWO4 (PWO) scintillating crystals grown by Bridgman method have been systematically studied. Residual stresses, induced during growth, play an important role in production yield. Cracking probability during cutting as well as stable mechanical properties in finished crystal are closely related to internal stress level. A regular production of good-quality crystals requires a fast and easy feed-back on growth parameters. Samples from a pre-serial production were analyzed in order to give the producer a quality feed-back for process optimization. By means of photoelasticity, we measured residual stress distribution in several sections along the growth axis and for typical positions in every section. The stress analysis revealed defects occurring during the crystallization process, attributed to dislocations, lattice disorientation and poly-crystallinity. This work had been prompted by the need for quality monitoring of a pre-serial production of PWO for CMS experiment. Mapping stress levels inside the ingot volume and proposing a synthetic parameter to be used as a quality indicator, the resulting analysis should contribute to parameter optimization and improve the growth performance. The proposed method can be useful in general crystal production.
Quality control on pre-serial Bridgman production of PbWO4 scintillating crystals by means of photoelasticity / Rinaldi, Daniele; A., Ciriaco; M., Lebeau; Paone, Nicola. - In: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT. - ISSN 0168-9002. - STAMPA. - 615:(2010), pp. 254-258. [10.1016/j.nima.2010.01.075]